|Ilex paraguariensis subsp. var.|
Yerba mate or yerba-mate (Br.) (Template:Lang-es, Template:Lang-pt), Ilex paraguariensis, is a species of holly (family Aquifoliaceae) native to subtropical South America in northeastern Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil. It was first scientifically classified by Swiss botanist Moses Bertoni, who settled in Paraguay in 1895.
The yerba mate plant is a shrub or small tree growing up to 15 meters tall. The leaves are evergreen, 7–11 cm long and 3–5.5 cm wide, with a serrated margin. The flowers are small, greenish-white, with four petals. The fruit is a red drupe 4–6 mm in diameter.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Ilex paraguariensis, St. Hil. (I. paraguensis, Don). Shrub or small tree, to 20 ft.: branchlets glabrous or puberulous: lvs. obovate to obovate-oblong or elliptic-oblong, narrowed at the base, obtuse or short and obtusely acuminate, crenate-serrate, glabrous or pubescent below, 3-5, rarely to 10 in. long: fls. axillary, fascicled or in stalked cymes: fr. globose or ovoid, 1/5 – ¼ in. across, red or reddish brown. Brazil.
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Pests and diseases
- ↑ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). Ilex paraguariensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 9 May 2006.
- ↑ Yerba mate — what? at Ushuaia.pl.
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963