Syzygium cumini

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 Syzygium cumini subsp. var.  Jambolan, Jambu, Java Plum
File:Frutos de Jambolão.JPG
Habit: tree
Height: to
Width: to
70ft 30ft
Height: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 70 ft
Width: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 30 ft
Lifespan: perennial
Exposure: sun
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USDA Zones: 11 to 12
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: white
Myrtaceae > Syzygium cumini var. ,

Jambul (Syzygium cumini) is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family Myrtaceae, native to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Indonesia. It is also known as Jaam/Kalojaam, Jamun, Nerale Hannu, Njaval,Neredupandu, Jamblang, Jambolan, Jambula, Black Plum, Damson Plum, Duhat Plum, Jambolan Plum, Java Plum or Portuguese Plum. "Malabar plum" may also refer to other species of Syzygium.

A fairly fast growing species, it can reach heights of up to 30 m and can live more than 100 years. Its dense foliage provides shade and is grown just for its ornamental value. The wood is strong and is water resistant. Because of this it is used in railway sleepers and to install motors in wells. It is sometimes used to make cheap furniture and village dwellings though it is relatively hard to work on.

Jambul trees start flowering from March to April. The flowers of jambul are fragrant and small, about 5 mm in diameter. The fruits develop by May or June and resemble large berries. The fruit is oblong, ovoid, starts green and turns pink to shining crimson black as it matures. A variant of the tree produces white coloured fruit. The fruit has a combination of sweet, mildly sour and astringent flavour and tends to colour the tongue purple.

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Eugenia jambolana, Lam. (Syzygium jambolana, DC.). Jambolan, or Jambolan Plum. Tall shrub or tree: Lvs. broadly oblong, very broad at summit but often shortly apiculate, 2½-5 in. long, 1¾-4 in. wide, thick and shining: berry edible, varying from the size of a cherry to that of a pigeon's egg. E. Indies.—Grown at Santa Barbara, Calif., where, according to Franceschi, the trees become large and flower profusely but never ripen fr. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.



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