|Ficus benghalensis subsp. var.||Banyan, Bengal fig, Indian fig, East Indian fig, Indian Banyan|
|File:Gomero de la India, Parque Mitre, Corrientes.jpg||
Ficus benghalensis, also known as Bengal fig, Indian fig, East Indian fig, Indian Banyan or simply Banyan, is a species of banyan endemic to Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka. It can grow into a giant tree covering several hectares. Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as slender vine. Once these roots reach the ground, they take root and grow into woody trunks that can become indistinguishable from the main trunk.
The figs are eaten by birds and mammals. Fig seeds are dispersed by birds.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Ficus benghalensis, Linn. Banyan Tree. Also written bengalensis. Young parts softly pubescent: nerves prominent; petiole 6-18 lines long; stipules 9-12 lines long: fr. in pairs, sessile, globose, puberulous, red, about the size of a small cherry. Trop. Afr., India.— A tree, 70-100 ft. high, rooting from the branches, thus forming accessory trunks and extending the growth of the tree indefinitely.—There are vigorous specimens growing outdoors at Miami, Fla. CH
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Pests and diseases
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Banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) in front of the Edison museum in Fort Myers, Florida
- Banyan botanical c1800-1830.jpg
Illustration Of Ficus benghalensis
- Banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) leaf & ripe figs in Secunderabad, AP W IMG 6633.jpg
leaf & ripe figs in Hyderabad, India.
- Banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) trunk in Secunderabad, AP W IMG 6634.jpg
trunk in Hyderabad, India.
- Banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) in Secunderabad, AP W IMG 6635.jpg
in Hyderabad, India.
- Baniano 1.jpg
Propagating roots from a Ficus benghaliensis, used to travel to a place with more sun
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963
- w:Ficus benghalensis. Some of the material on this page may be from Wikipedia, under the Creative Commons license.
- Ficus benghalensis QR Code (Size 50, 100, 200, 500)
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