|Ficus benghalensis subsp. var.||Banyan, Bengal fig, Indian fig, East Indian fig, Indian Banyan|
Ficus benghalensis, also known as Bengal fig, Indian fig, East Indian fig, Indian Banyan or simply Banyan, is a species of banyan endemic to Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka. It can grow into a giant tree covering several hectares. Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as slender vine. Once these roots reach the ground, they take root and grow into woody trunks that can become indistinguishable from the main trunk.
The figs are eaten by birds and mammals. Fig seeds are dispersed by birds.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Ficus benghalensis, Linn. Banyan Tree. Also written bengalensis. Young parts softly pubescent: nerves prominent; petiole 6-18 lines long; stipules 9-12 lines long: fr. in pairs, sessile, globose, puberulous, red, about the size of a small cherry. Trop. Afr., India.— A tree, 70-100 ft. high, rooting from the branches, thus forming accessory trunks and extending the growth of the tree indefinitely.—There are vigorous specimens growing outdoors at Miami, Fla. CH
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Pests and diseases
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- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963
- w:Ficus benghalensis. Some of the material on this page may be from Wikipedia, under the Creative Commons license.
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