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Cassytha filiformis
Cassytha filiformis
Plant Info
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Kingdom: Plantae
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Division: Magnoliophyta
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Class: Magnoliopsida
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Order: Laurales
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Superfamily: {{{superfamilia}}}
Family: Lauraceae
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Genus: Cassytha L.
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Cassytha L. (1753) is a genus of 17 species of parasitic vines in the family Lauraceae, mainly native to Australia, but with a few species in Africa, southern Asia, and one (C. filiformis) in Hawaii, northern South America, Central America southernmost North America (southern Florida) and Japan.

The plants bear a striking, though superficial, resemblance to Cuscuta (dodder), an unrelated genus in the family Convolvulaceae, making an excellent example of convergent evolution.

Selected species
  • Cassytha aurea - Australia
  • Cassytha candida - Australia
  • Cassytha capillaris - Australia
  • Cassytha ciliolata - South Africa
  • Cassytha flava - Australia
  • Cassytha glabella - Australia and Japan (Okinawa)
  • Cassytha filiformis - Hawaii, South and Central America, Florida, Japan (Okinawa)
  • Cassytha melantha - Australia
  • Cassytha micrantha - Australia
  • Cassytha nodiflora - Australia
  • Cassytha pomiformis - Australia
  • Cassytha pubescens - Australia and Japan (Okinawa)
  • Cassytha racemosa - eastern Australia

Note that the homonym Cassytha Mill. (1768) is a synonym of the cactus genus Rhipsalis

See also

External links


  • Weber, J. Z.:A taxonomic revision of Cassytha (Lauraceae) in Australia.Journal of Adelaide Botanic Gardens 3:187-262, 1981
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