|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Eremocitrus glauca, Swingle (Triphasia glauca, Lindl. Atlantia glauca, Benth.). A shrub or small tree bearing edible frs. and occurring in Queensland and New S. Wales, Austral., in subtropical regions subject to severe cold and extreme drought. The lvs. of this plant are small (1-1½ x ⅛-¼ in.), emarginate, and show marked drought-resistant adaptations; both faces of the lvs. show palisade cells, and stomates at the bottom of deep pits; the long and slender spines are borne singly in the axils of the lvs. (see Fig. 1407): frs. subglobose, flattened or slightly pyriform (see Fig. 1408), usually 4-celled and containing globose stalked pulp-vesicles (see Fig. 1408); seeds small, with a longitudinally furrowed and rugose testa. Yearbook Dept. Agric., 1911, pi. 45, fig. 1. Jour. Agric. Research, U. S. Dept. Agric. vol. 2, pp. 85-100, figs. 1-7. pi. 8.—The frs. of this species are used by the settlers in Austral, for jam and pickles and ade is made from the juice. The Australian desert kumquat is the hardiest evergreen citrous fr. known besides being the only one showing pronounced drought-resistant adaptations; it bears in the wild state edible frs. with a pleasant acid juice and a mild-flavored peel. These characteristics make this plant very promising for use in breeding new types of hardy drought-resistant citrous frs. It has been intro. into the U. S. by the Dept. of Agric., and is now growing in the greenhouse of the Dept. of Agric. and in the southern and western states. It can be grafted on the common citrous fruit trees, and can in turn be used as stocks for them- Walter T. Swingle. CH
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Pests and diseases
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- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963