Dianthus caryophyllus (Clove Pink) is a species of Dianthus.
It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall. The leaves are glaucous greyish green to blue-green, slender, up to 15 cm long. The flowers are produced singly or up to five together in a cyme; they are 3–5 cm diameter, and sweetly scented; the original natural flower colour is bright pinkish-purple, but cultivars of other colours, including red, white, yellow and green, have been developed.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Dianthus Caryophyllus, Linn. Carnation. Clove Pink. Picotee. Grenadine. Cespitose, glabrous, 1-3 ft., the sts. hard or almost woody below, the nodes or joints conspicuous: lvs. thick, long-linear, very glaucous, keeled, 5-nerved, stiffish at the ends: fls. mostly solitary, showy, very fragrant, rose, purple or white; calyx-bracts 4, very broad, abruptly pointed. B.M. 39 (Bizarre Carnation); 1622 (var. imbricatus); 2744 (Picotees).—Generally supposed to be native to the Medit. region, but Williams gives its geographical limits as "north and west Normandy" and "south and east Punjaub" (northwestern Hindoostan). In Eu. it is largely grown as an outdoor pink, but in this country it is chiefly known as the greenhouse carnation. The American forcing type (which may be called var. longicaulis) is distinguished by very long stems and a continuous blooming habit; it is here the carnation of commerce. Garden varieties of D. Caryophyllus are numberless, and they often pass under Latinized names (D. punctatus, Hort., is one of these names). See Carnation. The carnation has been long in cult. The bloom is now very variable in size, form and color; originally probably pale lilac. Fragrant. CH
Carnations require well-drained, neutral to slightly alkaline soil, and full sun. Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden planting. Typical examples include 'Gina Porto', 'Helen', 'Laced Romeo', 'Red Rocket'.
Pests and diseases
- Main article: List of carnation diseases
Some scholars believe that the name "carnation" comes from "coronation" or "corone" (flower garlands), as it was one of the flowers used in Greek ceremonial crowns. Others think the name stems from the Latin "caro" (genitive "carnis") (flesh), which refers to the original colour of the flower, or incarnatio (incarnation), which refers to the incarnation of God made flesh.
Although originally applied to the species Dianthus caryophyllus, the name Carnation is also often applied to some of the other species of Dianthus, and more particularly to garden hybrids between D. caryophyllus and other species in the genus.
Distribution and habitat
- Wikibooks' Gardening-Carnations
- Carnations and Pinks Resources
- Carnations and the Floriculture Industry: Records of the Colorado Flower Growers Association
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