Salvia columbariae

From - Plant Encyclopedia and Gardening wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Salvia columbariae, Benth. Half-hardy annual: st. erect, slightly branched, 6-12 in. high: lvs. deeply pinnatifid, wrinkled, rather glabrous, the lobes oblong-linear, obtuse, erose-dentate or incised; floral lvs. bract-like: floral whorls solitary or 2, capitate, far remote from the cauline lvs., densely many-fld., hemispherical; bracts broad-ovate, membranaceous, acuminate; calyx ovate, pubescent; corolla blue, the midlobe of the lower lip crenulate. Summer. Calif, and adjacent Mex. B.M. 6595 (fls. lilac).—Not showy and apparently not in common cult.

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.

Salvia columbariae
Fossil range: {{{fossil_range}}}
Salvia columbariae 2003-04-11.jpg
Plant Info
Common name(s): {{{common_names}}}
Growth habit: {{{growth_habit}}}
Height: {{{high}}}
Width: {{{wide}}}
Lifespan: {{{lifespan}}}
Exposure: {{{exposure}}}
Water: {{{water}}}
Features: {{{features}}}
Poisonous: {{{poisonous}}}
Hardiness: {{{hardiness}}}
USDA Zones: {{{usda_zones}}}
Sunset Zones: {{{sunset_zones}}}
Scientific classification
Domain: {{{domain}}}
Superkingdom: {{{superregnum}}}
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: {{{subregnum}}}
Superdivision: {{{superdivisio}}}
Superphylum: {{{superphylum}}}
Division: {{{divisio}}}
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Subdivision: {{{subdivisio}}}
Subphylum: {{{subphylum}}}
Infraphylum: {{{infraphylum}}}
Microphylum: {{{microphylum}}}
Nanophylum: {{{nanophylum}}}
Superclass: {{{superclassis}}}
Class: Magnoliopsida
Sublass: {{{subclassis}}}
Infraclass: {{{infraclassis}}}
Superorder: {{{superordo}}}
Order: Lamiales
Suborder: {{{subordo}}}
Infraorder: {{{infraordo}}}
Superfamily: {{{superfamilia}}}
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: {{{subfamilia}}}
Supertribe: {{{supertribus}}}
Tribe: {{{tribus}}}
Subtribe: {{{subtribus}}}
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: {{{subgenus}}}
Section: {{{sectio}}}
Series: {{{series}}}
Species: S. columbariae
Subspecies: {{{subspecies}}}
Binomial name
Salvia columbariae
Trinomial name
Type Species

Salvia columbariae is an annual plant of the Lamiaceae that grows in California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Sonora, and Baja California. It is often called "golden chia", because its seeds are used in the same manner as chia. It was an important food for Native Americans, although S. hispanica is often substituted in modern practice. Its Tongva name is pashí.

Morphology and Taxonomy

Salvia columbariae is an annual plant that grows 10 to 50 cm. Its stem hairs are generally short and sparse in distribution. It has oblong-ovate basal leaves that are 2 to 10 cm long. The leaves themselves are pinnately dissected and the lobes are rounded irregularly. The inflorescence is more or less scapose, meaning it has a long peduncle that comes from the ground level that has bracts. The bracts are round and awn-tipped. There are usually 1-2 cluster of flowers within the inflorescence. The calyx is 8 to 10 mm long and the upper lip is unlobed but has 2 (sometimes 3) awns. The lower lip is about twice the size of the upper lip. The flower color can be pale blue to blue and purple tipped. The stamens of the plant are slightly exserted. The fruit of S. columbariae is a nutlet that is tan to grey in color and 1.5 to 2 mm in length.


Salvia columbariae can be founded in dry disturbed sites, chaparral, and coastal-sage scrub. It generally grows at elevations less than 1200 meters. In cultivation, it needs good drainage, sun, and dry weather to grow to its fullest potential.


  • Hickman, James C. The Jepson Manual Higher Plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley Los Angeles London. (1993).
  • USDA Natuaral resources Conservation Service. [web application]. 2006. Available: (Accessed: May, 25 2006)


blog comments powered by Disqus
Personal tools
Bookmark and Share