|Aphelandra subsp. var.|
Several species are grown as houseplants for their patterned leaves and brightly coloured inflorescences.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Aphelandra (Greek-made name). Acanthdceae. Tropical American evergreen shrubs or tall herbs, grown in hothouses for the fine foliage and very showy 4- sided terminal spikes of red or yellow gaudy-bracted flowers.
Leaves mostly opposite, simple, entire or toothed, usually many and large: fls. labiate, the upper lip mostly 3-lobed and the middle lobe erect or arching, the lower lip more or less 2-lobed or notched ; stamens 4, rising from the base of the corolla, the anthers connivent and 1-celled; style 2-lobed: fr. a 4-angled caps.—About 60 species.
Aphelandras are of easy culture, if given plenty of diffused light in the growing season, and plants are not allowed to become tall and leggy. It is well to grow new plants frequently.
Propagation is by seeds when obtainable, or by cuttings of partially ripened wood at any season or the young growths taken off with a heel. They bloom in autumn, but can readily be brought into flower at other seasons. When done blooming, the plants should be rested in an intermediate temperature, kept rather dry, but not allowed to wilt or shrivel. They require treatment of justicias, and thrive along with allamandas and poinsettias.
A. atrovirens, N. E. Br. Dwarf: Lvs. very dark green above and purplish beneath: fls. yellow, 1 in. long. Brazil.—A. liboniàna. Lind. Dwarf: lvs. ovate and long-acuminate, with a white rib, green below: fls. deep yellow, email, scarcely exserted beyond the red bracts. Brazil.—A. macedoniana. Lind. & Rod. Said to be a form of A. atrovirens. Lvs. with white rib and main veins. Brazil.—A. Margaritae, E. Morr. Lvs. elliptic-acuminate, barred with white, purple below: fls. yellow, the bracts strong-toothed. Brazil.—A. oriéntalis, offered in Amer., is possibly a form of some well-known species.— A. pumita. Hook. f. Less than 1 ft.: Lvs. large, acute: as. orange, bracts purplish. Brazil.— A. variegata. Morel. A near ally of A. Blanchetiana with bright scarlet bracts, and bright yellow fls. Probably not now in cult.
Pests and diseases
- Aphelandra albinotata
- Aphelandra anderssonii
- Aphelandra attenuata
- Aphelandra aurantiaca (Scheidw.) Lindl.
- Aphelandra azuayensis
- Aphelandra bahiensis (Nees) Wassh.
- Aphelandra chamissoniana Nees
- Aphelandra chrysantha
- Aphelandra cinnabarina
- Aphelandra claussenii Wassh.
- Aphelandra colorata (Vell. Conc.) Wassh.
- Aphelandra dodsonii
- Aphelandra galba
- Aphelandra guayasii
- Aphelandra gunnari
- Aphelandra harleyi Wassh.
- Aphelandra harlingii
- Aphelandra ignea (Schrader) Nees ex Steudel
- Aphelandra marginata Nees & Martius
- Aphelandra maximiliana (Nees) Benth
- Aphelandra mirabilis Rizzini
- Aphelandra neesiana Wassh.
- Aphelandra nemoralis Nees
- Aphelandra loxensis
- Aphelandra nuda Nees
- Aphelandra obtusa (Nees) Wassh.
- Aphelandra obtusifolia (Nees) Wassh.
- Aphelandra paulensis Wassh.
- Aphelandra phaina
- Aphelandra phrynioides Lindau
- Aphelandra rigida
- Aphelandra sinclairiana Nees - Coral Aphelandra
- Aphelandra squarrosa - Zebra Plant
- Aphelandra stephanophysa
- Aphelandra sulphurea
- Aphelandra tetragona (Vahl) Nees
- Aphelandra tridentata
- Aphelandra zamorensis
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963