Asplenium nidus

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 Asplenium nidus subsp. var.  bird's-nest fern, nest fern
Habit: fern
Height: to
Width: to
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Lifespan: perennial
Exposure: part-sun, shade
Water: moist, moderate
Features: foliage
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Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: to
Sunset Zones:
Flower features:
Aspleniaceae > Asplenium nidus var. , L.

Asplenium nidus is a species of fern in the family Aspleniaceae, native to tropical southeastern Asia, eastern Australia, Hawaii,Template:Cn Polynesia,Template:Cn Christmas Island,Template:Cn India,Template:Cn and eastern Africa. It is known by the common names bird's-nest fern[1][2] (a name shared by other Aspleniums) or simply nest fern.[2]

Asplenium nidus forms large simple fronds visually similar to Banana leaves, with the fronds growing to 50-150 cm long and 10-20 cm broad. They are light green, often crinkled, with a black midrib, and exhibit circinate vernation. Spores develop in sori on the underside of the fronds. These sori form long rows extending out from the midrib on the back of the outer part of the lamina (frond). The fronds roll back as they brown and create a massive leaf nest in the branches and trunks of trees.

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Asplenium nidus, Linn. (Thamnópteris Nidus, Presl. A. and T. Nidus-avis, Hort.). Bird's-nest Fern. Fig. 414. Much like the preceding in size and habit of growth, but with entire margined lvs. and with the veins partly united to form a net.

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


Asplenium nidus can survive either as an epiphytal, or terrestrial plant, but typically grows on organic matter. This fern often lives in palm trees or bromeliads, where it collects water and humus in its leaf-rosette.Template:Cn It thrives in warm, humid areas in partial to full shade.


Pests and diseases




  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named trop1
  2. 2.0 2.1 GRIN (April 14, 1995). "Asplenium nidus information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved on November 3, 2011.

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