|Brunfelsia subsp. var.||"yesterday, today, and tomorrow"|
The leaves are alternate and simple, with shapes generally elliptic to ovate. The flowers are large and tubular, with five broad petals. Typical habitat is light woodland and thickets. Species in cultivation include Brunfelsia americana ("lady of the night") and Brunfelsia pauciflora. Linnaeus named the genus for early German herbalist Otto Brunfels (1488-1534). The cultivated plant is commonly called "yesterday, today, and tomorrow" due to its color changes.
Many members of this genus contain toxic and medicinal alkaloids.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Brunfelsia (Otto Brunfels, physician and botanist of the sixteenth century). Francisceae. Solanaceae. Trees and shrubs, a few of which are grown in warm glasshouses.
Leaves entire, oblong, often shining: fls. in terminal cymes or clusters, or solitary, large and showy, sometimes fragrant; corolla with 5 rounded and nearly equal spreading lobes (or 2 of them a little more united); stamens 4, in the throat of the corolla, the anthers all alike: fr. berry-like.—Species above 20, in Cent, and S. Amer. and W. Indies.
Brunfelsias are usually winter-flowering plants. The wood must be well ripened before flowering begins. Grow in a rich open compost, and feed liberally when well rooted. They need a night temperature of 50 . They bloom best when pot-bound. Propagated by cuttings from the new growth in spring, or from pieces of the ripe wood in autumn inserted in very sandy soil and peat and kept close and shaded until rooted. The plants are of easy culture when the simple requirements are understood. Under glass, the bloom begins usually in October and November. They are showy open-air plants in Florida and southern California.
Pests and diseases
- Brunfelsia americana
- Brunfelsia australis
- Brunfelsia chiricaspi
- Brunfelsia densifolia
- Brunfelsia grandiflora
- Brunfelsia latifolia
- Brunfelsia nitida
- Brunfelsia pauciflora
- Brunfelsia uniflora
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963