Buxus microphylla

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 Buxus microphylla subsp. var.  Japanese Box, Littleleaf Box
Buxus microphylla HabitusLeaves BotGardBln0906.JPG
Habit: shrub
Height: to
Width: to
Height: 2 m to 3 m
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Lifespan: perennial
Origin: Japan, Taiwan
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USDA Zones: to
Sunset Zones:
Flower features:
Buxaceae > Buxus microphylla var. , Siebold & Zucc.

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Buxus microphylla (Japanese Box or Littleleaf Box) is a species of Buxus native to Japan and Taiwan.[1]

It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 2–3 m tall. The leaves are bright green, 10–25 mm long, oval with a rounded or notched tip.[2][3]

The species was first described from cultivated plants of in Japan of unknown origin; these are dwarf shrubs only growing to 1 m tall, with small leaves less than 18 mm long. Wild box plants in Japan differ somewhat, growing to 2–3 m tall with leaves up to 25 mm long; they are sometimes distinguished as Buxus microphylla var. japonica (Muell.-Arg.) Rehder & Wilson (syn. B. japonica Muell.-Arg.).[1][3]

Plants from Taiwan are distinguished as Buxus microphylla var. tarokoensis S.Y.Lu & Y.P.Yang.[4]

Plants from China and Korea formerly often cited as Buxus microphylla var. sinica are now treated as a distinct species Buxus sinica.[5]

The species is grown as an ornamental plant both in its native area and elsewhere in temperate regions of the world.[6]

Buxus microphylla var. compacta (Kingsville Dwarf Boxwood) and similar cultivars are commonly used for bonsai.

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Buxus microphylla, Sieb. & Zucc. (B. japonica var. microphylla, Muell. Arg.). Dwarf, often prostrate shrub, cjuite glabrous: Lvs. obovate or obovate-lanceolate, 1/3-l in. long: clusters mostly terminal; staminate fls. sessile, with a central gland like the former. Japan.

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.



Pests and diseases




  1. 1.0 1.1 Germplasm Resources Information Network: Buxus microphylla
  2. Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bean, W. J. (1976). Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles 8th ed., vol. 1. John Murray ISBN 0-7195-1790-7.
  4. Germplasm Resources Information Network: Buxus microphylla var. tarokoensis
  5. Germplasm Resources Information Network: Buxus microphylla var. sinica
  6. Plants For A Future: Buxus microphylla

External links

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