Indian paintbrush, Prairie-fire
Castilleja is a genus of about 200 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants. Formerly classified in the family Scrophulariaceae, they have recently been relegated to the family Orobanchaceae. They are semi-parasitic on the roots of grasses.wp
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Castilleja (a Spanish botanist, D. Castillejo). Scrophulariaceae. Painted-cup. Herbs with showy bracts in a terminal head or spike, sometimes cultivated.
Flowers small, solitary, in terminal gaudy-bracted spikes; corolla tubular, sometimes flattened laterally, 2-lipped; lower lip smaller, more or less 3-toothed; stamens 4: lvs. alternate, entire or cut—Upwards of 3O species in U. S. and Mex., and 1 in N. Asia. Castillejas are little known in gardens. They are more or less root-parasitic.CH
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Pests and diseases
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About 200 species, includingwp:
- Castilleja chromosa
- Castilleja coccinea
- Castilleja exserta
- Castilleja indivisa
- Castilleja miniata
- Castilleja mutis
- Castilleja neglecta
- Castilleja pallida
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963