|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Cimicifuga, Linn, (cimex, a bug; fugere, to drive away). Ranunculaceae. Bugbane. Tall hardy herbaceous perennials, ornamental, but bad-smelling, suited for the back of plantings or for partially shaded places in the wild garden. The leaves and tall plants are admired in the hardy border.
Leaves large, decompound: fls. white, in racemes; sepals 2-5, petaloid, deciduous; petals 1-8, small, clawed, 2-lobed or none: follicles 1-8, many-seeded, sessile or stalked; stigma broad or minute. Allied to Actaea. — About 10 species, natives of the north temperate zone, practically all of which have been used in gardens. Cimicifugas thrive in half shady or open places in any good garden soil, but are much taller and more showy if the soil is very black and rich. Propagated by seeds and division of roots in fall or early spring. Seeds should be sown in cool moist soil soon after ripening.
The genus is closely related to Actaea, and many botanists include it in that genus; if included, the number of species in Actaea rises from 8 to 20-26wp.
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- C. cordifolia, Pursh. Lvs. very broadly ovate or orbicular. U.S. CH
- C. dahurica, Hutt. Higher and more branched than former. Cent. Asia. CH
- C. elata, Nutt. (C. foetida, Pursh. Actaea Cimicifuga. Linn.). Used in medicine. Ore.. Wash. CH
- C. japonica, Spreng. 3 ft. high: lvs. very large. F.S. 22:2363 (as Pithyrosperma acerinum). CH
- C. palmata, Michx. (syn. Trautvetteria carolinensis, Vail.) CH
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963