|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Coccoloba (Greek, lobed berry, referring to the ends of the pear-shaped fruit). Sometimes spelled Coccolobis. Including Campderia. Polygonaceae. Tropical shrubs, trees or rarely tall woody climbers, grown for their fruits and usually large glossy leathery leaves.
Leaves alternate, always entire: fls. small, in axillary or terminal spike-like racemes, usually some shade of green or yellow-green; sepals 5, herbaceous; petals 0; stamens 8, exceeding the perianth: fr. berry-like, with a small stone, often edible.—About 125 species in the American tropics and reaching to Fla. C. platyclada is now referred to Muehlenbeckia, which see.
Coccoloba uvifera, the sea-grape or shore-grape of the West Indies, bears an edible fruit, and has particularly beautiful foliage. It is the most important of the genus and is offered by dealers in tropical plants. It will not stand the frost and its cultivation out-of-doors is limited to the frostless region of California and Florida. It can be easily grown in any greenhouse North. All species are easily propagated by seeds, which are very plentiful with most of the species. Some species may be increased by cuttings of ripe wood, which root easily in sand under the usual conditions, in a frame or propagating-house. Layering may also be employed to increase the stock. The various species grow naturally in both clayey and sandy soils, preferring moist rich earth, and a high temperature. C. uvifera frequents the seashore, and is found growing in sand and broken .shells apparently lacking altogether in plant-food. Rich sandy soil of a light character seems to be best for all the species so far known in cultivation. Plants are readily transplanted from the open ground, but pot-grown plants are to be preferred.
C. caracasana, Meisan., or a closely related species, has recently been intro. to the trade by Franceschi, of Santa Barbara, Calif. It is described as having "larger frs. than other known species, like a good-sized plum." Venezuela. CH
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Pests and diseases
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- Uvilla, Coccoloba costata
- Tietongue, Coccoloba diversifolia
- Whitewood Seagrape, Coccoloba krugii
- Puckhout, Coccoloba microstachya
- Pale Seagrape, Coccoloba pallida
- Grandleaf Seagrape, Coccoloba pubescens
- Uvera, Coccoloba pyrifolia
- Ortegon Coccoloba rugosa
- Uvero de Monte Coccoloba sintenisii
- Swartz's Pigeonplum, Coccoloba swartzii
- Bahama Pigeonplum Coccoloba tenuifolia
- Seagrape Coccoloba uvifera
- False Chiggergrape Coccoloba venosa
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963