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Coelogyne cristata
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[[{{{domain}}}]] > [[{{{superregnum}}}]] > Plantae > [[{{{subregnum}}}]] > [[{{{superdivisio}}}]] > [[{{{superphylum}}}]] > Magnoliophyta > [[{{{phylum}}}]] > [[{{{subdivisio}}}]] > [[{{{subphylum}}}]] > [[{{{infraphylum}}}]] > [[{{{microphylum}}}]] > [[{{{nanophylum}}}]] > [[{{{superclassis}}}]] > Liliopsida > [[{{{subclassis}}}]] > [[{{{infraclassis}}}]] > [[{{{superordo}}}]] > Asparagales > [[{{{subordo}}}]] > [[{{{infraordo}}}]] > [[{{{superfamilia}}}]] > Orchidaceae > Epidendroideae > [[{{{supertribus}}}]] > Coelogyneae > Coelogyninae > Coelogyne {{{subgenus}}} {{{sectio}}} {{{series}}} {{{species}}} {{{subspecies}}} var. {{{cultivar}}}

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Coelogyne (hollow pistil). Orchidaceae. Popular epiphytic warmhouse orchids of the eastern hemisphere.

Pseudobulbs tufted or at intervals on the St.: fls. in racemes, opening simultaneously or in succession; sepals and petals similar, spreading or reflexed; lip 3-lobed, the lateral lobes erect, inclosing the slender column, the middle lobe flat or recurved, keeled; column slightly curved, winged above; pollinia 4.—Species about 115, distributed from N. India to Ceylon, middle China, and in the islands of the Indian Ocean. The botanical details of Coelogyne speciosa are shown in Fig. 1021. At the top is a general view of the fl. Below, on the left, is the column, front and side view. In the center is the lip, with the column lying along its top. Below the lip, on the left, is the stigma. To the right, on the bottom row, are the pollinia, front and back view; and at the right center are separate pollen masses.

Coelogynes may be grown in pots, baskets or pans, using pots for small plants, and larger receptacles when the plants require them; but when a pan larger than 12-inch is necessary, it is best to use perforated ones so that the material may be well aerated and not become unsuitable for the roots. All the species are of rambling habit and large specimens may soon be had by growing on, provided the material at the roots is kept in a sweet healthy condition. When, however, it becomes necessary to divide a plant, this is best done directly after flowering, carefully separating the running shoots, cutting off about three of the last-made bulbs with all the roots attached, planting these in suitable-sized receptacles, being very careful to point the growing end away from the edge, or toward the center, so that they will not so readily outgrow again. The material to use is osmundine with a little sphagnum moss if it can be made to grow, packing all very firm about the roots so that too much water will not be held about the roots. Place in the shady part of a warm house until root-action begins; but, during the hot summer months, the varieties of C. cristata may with great benefit be placed in a frame in a shady place outdoors, there to remain until danger of frost in October. Treated in this way, the plants will bloom much better. They should all be placed on inverted pots when outside to exclude vermin. When brought indoors the bulbs will be finishing up for bloom, and as they are terrestrial plants, weak manure-water should be given at every watering. A glance at the roots and their structure will show how they differ from the epiphytal orchids such as the cattleyas. Coelogynes, being evergreen, should never be quite dry at the roots, or shriveling will result; this always is the case after flowering or repotting; but, when growth commences, they soon plump up again. It is often desired to grow these plants in baskets. Space can then be made for them overhead in the cool- houses in winter, bringing a few at a time into warmth, thus having succession of bloom for three months for cutting, house or conservatory decoration, where they last a long time. There are more than 100 kinds of coelogynes, many of which are but of botanical interest. C. pandurata, C. Dayana and C. Sanderiana are warm-house plants and should be kept at a minimum temperature of 60° in winter. C. nervosa, C. flaccida, C. nitida, and C. Massangeana are coolhouse plants, often grown in collections; but C. cristata and its forms are the most valued, especially the variety maxima once so scarce, but now plentiful; this makes large bulbs and longer spikes of bloom. The Chatsworth variety, by some considered the same as maxima, hololeuca or alba as it is most often known in gardens, is a pure white form, perhaps the whitest of all orchids. This is inclined to ramble, owing to the length of rhizome between each bulb or growth, and needs attention in repotting frequently; it is also the latest to flower. C. Lemoniana has a pretty lemon-yellow blotch on the lip instead of the usual orange and is very pretty by contrast with the other forms. When it is desired to increase the stock of plants, the back bulbs taken off at potting time may be planted similar to the other pieces and will grow on, but cannot be expected to bloom for two years. (E. O. Orpet.) CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


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Species listwp:

  • Coelogyne acutilabium de Vogel
  • Coelogyne albobrunnea J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne albolutea Rolfe
  • Coelogyne anceps Hook.f.
  • Coelogyne asperata Lindl.
  • Coelogyne assamica Linden & Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne barbata Lindl. ex Griff.
  • Coelogyne beccarii Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne bicamerata J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne bilamellata Lindl.
  • Coelogyne borneensis Rolfe
  • Coelogyne brachygyne J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne brachyptera Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne breviscapa Lindl.
  • Coelogyne bruneiensis de Vogel
  • Coelogyne buennemeyeri J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne calcarata J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne calcicola Kerr
  • Coelogyne caloglossa Schltr.
  • Coelogyne candoonensis Ames
  • Coelogyne carinata Rolfe.
  • Coelogyne celebensis J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne chanii Gravend. & de Vogel
  • Coelogyne chlorophaea Schltr.
  • Coelogyne chloroptera Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne clemensii Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames.
    • Coelogyne clemensii var. angustifolia Carr
    • Coelogyne clemensii var. clemensii
    • Coelogyne clemensii var. longiscapa Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames
  • Coelogyne compressicaulis Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames
  • Coelogyne concinna Ridl.
  • Coelogyne confusa Ames.
  • Coelogyne contractipetala J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne corymbosa Lindl.
  • Coelogyne crassiloba J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne craticulilabris Carr
  • Coelogyne cristata Lindl.
  • Coelogyne cumingii Lindl.
  • Coelogyne cuprea H.Wendl. & Kraenzl.
    • Coelogyne cuprea var. cuprea
    • Coelogyne cuprea var. planiscapa J.J.Wood & C.L.Chan
  • Coelogyne dichroantha Gagnep
  • Coelogyne distans J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne dulitensis Carr.
  • Coelogyne eberhardtii Gagnep
  • Coelogyne ecarinata C.Schweinf.
  • Coelogyne echinolabium de Vogel
  • Coelogyne elmeri Ames.
  • Coelogyne endertii J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne exalata Ridl.
  • Coelogyne filipeda Gagnep.
  • Coelogyne fimbriata Lindl.
  • Coelogyne flaccida Lindl.
  • Coelogyne flexuosa Rolfe.
  • Coelogyne foerstermannii Rchb.f..
  • Coelogyne formosa Schltr.
  • Coelogyne fragrans Schltr.
  • Coelogyne fuerstenbergiana Schltr.
  • Coelogyne fuscescens Lindl.
    • Coelogyne fuscescens var. brunnea (Lindl.) Lindl..
    • Coelogyne fuscescens var. fuscescens
    • Coelogyne fuscescens var. integrilabia Pfitzer in H.G.A.Engler (ed.).
  • Coelogyne genuflexa Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames.
  • Coelogyne ghatakii T.K.Paul, S.K.Basu & M.C.Biswas
  • Coelogyne gibbifera J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne glandulosa Lindl.
    • Coelogyne glandulosa var. bournei S.Das & S.K.Jain
    • Coelogyne glandulosa var. glandulosa
    • Coelogyne glandulosa var. sathyanarayanae S.Das & S.K.Jain
  • Coelogyne gongshanensis H.Li ex S.C.Chen.
  • Coelogyne griffithii Hook.f.
  • Coelogyne guamensis Ames
  • Coelogyne hajrae Phukan.
  • Coelogyne harana J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne hirtella J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne hitendrae S.Das & S.K.Jain.
  • Coelogyne holochila P.F.Hunt & Summerh.
  • Coelogyne huettneriana Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne imbricans J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne incrassata (Blume) Lindl.
    • Coelogyne incrassata var. incrassata
    • Coelogyne incrassata var. sumatrana J.J.Sm.
    • Coelogyne incrassata var. valida J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne integerrima Ames
  • Coelogyne integra Schltr.
  • Coelogyne judithiae P.Taylor
  • Coelogyne kaliana P.J.Cribb.
  • Coelogyne kelamensis J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne kemiriensis J.J.Sm..
  • Coelogyne kinabaluensis Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames.
  • Coelogyne lacinulosa J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne latiloba de Vogel
  • Coelogyne lawrenceana Rolfe
  • Coelogyne lentiginosa Lindl.
  • Coelogyne leucantha W.W.Sm.
  • Coelogyne lockii Aver.
  • Coelogyne loheri Rolfe
  • Coelogyne longiana Aver.
  • Coelogyne longibulbosa Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames.
  • Coelogyne longifolia (Blume) Lindl.
  • Coelogyne longipes Lindl.
  • Coelogyne longirachis Ames
  • Coelogyne longpasiaensis J.J.Wood & C.L.Chan
  • Coelogyne lycastoides F.Muell. & Kraenzl.
  • Coelogyne macdonaldii F.Muell. & Kraenzl.
  • Coelogyne malintangensis J.J.Sm..
  • Coelogyne malipoensis Z.H.Tsi
  • Coelogyne marmorata Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne marthae S.E.C.Sierra
  • Coelogyne mayeriana Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne merrillii Ames
  • Coelogyne micrantha Lindl.
  • Coelogyne miniata (Blume) Lindl.
  • Coelogyne monilirachis Carr
  • Coelogyne monticola J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne mooreana Rolfe
  • Coelogyne mossiae Rolfe
  • Coelogyne motleyi Rolfe ex J.J.Wood, D.A.Clayton & C.L.Chan
  • Coelogyne moultonii J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne multiflora Schltr.
  • Coelogyne muluensis J.J.Wood
  • Coelogyne naja J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne nervosa A.Rich.
  • Coelogyne nitida (Wall. ex D.Don) Lindl.
  • Coelogyne obtusifolia Carr
  • Coelogyne occultata Hook.f.
    • Coelogyne occultata var. occultata
    • Coelogyne occultata var. uniflora N.P.Balakr.
  • Coelogyne odoardi Schltr.
  • Coelogyne odoratissima Lindl.
  • Coelogyne ovalis Lindl.
  • Coelogyne palawanensis Ames
  • Coelogyne pandurata Lindl. : Black Orchid
  • Coelogyne papillosa Ridl. ex Stapf.
  • Coelogyne parishii Hook.f.
  • Coelogyne peltastes Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne pempahisheyana H.J.Chowdhery
  • Coelogyne pendula Summerh. ex Perry
  • Coelogyne pholidotoides J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne picta Schltr.
  • Coelogyne planiscapa Carr.
    • Coelogyne planiscapa var. grandis Carr.
    • Coelogyne planiscapa var. planiscapa
  • Coelogyne plicatissima Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames
  • Coelogyne prasina Ridl.
  • Coelogyne prolifera Lindl.
  • Coelogyne pulchella Rolfe.
  • Coelogyne pulverula Teijsm. & Binn.
  • Coelogyne punctulata Lindl.
    • Coelogyne punctulata f. brevifolia (Lindl.) S.Das & S.K.Jain
    • Coelogyne punctulata f. punctulata
  • Coelogyne quadratiloba Gagnep.
  • Coelogyne quinquelamellata Ames
  • Coelogyne radicosa Ridl.
  • Coelogyne radioferens Ames & C.Schweinf. in O.Ames
  • Coelogyne raizadae S.K.Jain & S.Das.
  • Coelogyne remediosae Ames & Quisumb.
  • Coelogyne renae Gravend. & de Vogel.
  • Coelogyne rhabdobulbon Schltr.
  • Coelogyne rigida C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne rigidiformis Ames & C.Schweinf.
  • Coelogyne rochussenii de Vriese : Necklace Orchid
  • Coelogyne rumphii Lindl.
  • Coelogyne rupicola Carr.
  • Coelogyne salmonicolor Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne sanderae Kraenzl. ex O'Brien
  • Coelogyne sanderiana Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne schilleriana Rchb.f. & K.Koch.
  • Coelogyne schultesii S.K.Jain & S.Das.
  • Coelogyne septemcostata J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne sparsa Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne speciosa (Blume) Lindl.
    • Coelogyne speciosa subsp. fimbriata (J.J.Sm.) Gravend.
    • Coelogyne speciosa subsp. incarnata Gravend.
    • Coelogyne speciosa subsp. speciosa
  • Coelogyne squamulosa J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne steenisii J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne stenobulbum Schltr.
  • Coelogyne stenochila Hook.f.
  • Coelogyne stricta (D.Don) Schltr.
  • Coelogyne suaveolens (Lindl.) Hook.f.
  • Coelogyne susanae P.J.Cribb & B.A.Lewis
  • Coelogyne swaniana Rolfe
  • Coelogyne tenasserimensis Seidenf.
  • Coelogyne tenompokensis Carr.
  • Coelogyne tenuis Rolfe
  • Coelogyne testacea Lindl.
  • Coelogyne tiomanensis M.R.Hend.
  • Coelogyne tomentosa Lindl. : Necklace Orchid
  • Coelogyne tommii Gravend. & P.O'Byrne
  • Coelogyne trilobulata J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne trinervis Lindl.
  • Coelogyne triplicatula Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne triuncialis P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm.
  • Coelogyne tumida J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne undatialata J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne usitana Roeth & O.Gruss.
  • Coelogyne ustulata C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne vanoverberghii Ames
  • Coelogyne veitchii Rolfe
  • Coelogyne velutina de Vogel
  • Coelogyne venusta Rolfe
  • Coelogyne vermicularis J.J.Sm.
  • Coelogyne verrucosa S.E.C.Sierra
  • Coelogyne virescens Rolfe
  • Coelogyne viscosa Rchb.f.
  • Coelogyne weixiensis X.H.Jin (2005)
  • Coelogyne xyrekes Ridl.
  • Coelogyne yiii Schuit. & de Vogel
  • Coelogyne zhenkangensis S.C.Chen & K.Y.Lang
  • Coelogyne zurowetzii Carr

Old listCH: C. albo-lutea, Rolfe. Fls. showy, very fragrant, pure white, with lobes yellow. Mts. of N. India.—C. Brymeriana, Hort. A garden hybrid between C. Dayana and C. asperata.—-C. burfordiensis, Hort. (C. pandurata X C. asperata). Fls. pale green, the spiny crest black, the ridges green and yellow. G.C. III. 49:331.— C. chrysotropis, Schltr. Scape much shorter than the lvs., few-fld. Sumatra.—C. Colmanii, Hort. A garden hybrid between C. speciosa major and C. cristata alba.-C. Cumingii, Lindl. Fls. white, the disk citron-yellow; sepals and petals lanceolate. Singapore. B.R. 27:29. B.M. 4045.—C. fragrans, Hort. A trade name. —C. fuliginosa, Lindl. Fls. appearing in succession, 2 in. across, light brownish white, the lip fringed. N. India. B.M. 4440. J.F. 1:7.—C. Garderiana, Lindl. =Neogyne.-C. Lawrenceana, Rolfe. Fl. single; sepals and petals yellow, 2-2 5i in. long, the sepals lanceolate-oblong, the petals linear; lateral lobes of lip brown, the middle lobe white, the disk marbled with brown. Annam. B.M. 8164. G.C. III. 47:335.—C. Mooreana, Sander. Racemes 4-8-fld.; fls. white; disk golden yellow, covered with clavate processes. Annam. B.M. 8297.—C. ochracea, Lindl. Fls. about 2 in. across, fragrant, white, the lip blotched and streaked orange-yellow. N. India. B.R. 32:69. B.M. 4661. J.F. 4:342.—C. perakensis. Rolfe. Racemes many-fld.; sepals light buff, lanceolate-oblong, about Kin. long; petals light green, linear, a little shorter than sepals; lip light yellow, with a deep yellow blotch on disk. Perak. B.M. 8203.— C. praecox, Lindl., var alba. A nearly white form.—C. Sanderae, Kranzl. Fls. white; sepals oblong-lanceolate; petals narrower, linear; lip yellow, marked with golden, the keels red-brown. Burma. G.C. III. 13:361.—C. Veitchii, Rolfe. Racemes many- fld., pendulous; fl-. nearly globose, white, the sepals and petals much incurved; lip longer than sepals, the lateral lobes obtuse, the middle lobe ovate, revolute; disk obscurely 3-keeled. New Guinea. B.M. 7764.—C. venusta, Rolfe. Racemes many-fld., pendulous; fls. pale yellow, the lip white, marked with yellow. S. W. China. B.M. 8262.—C. virescens, Rolfe. Resembling C. Parishii. Fls. pale green with dark dots on the lip. CH }}


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