Crinum asiaticum

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Crinum asiaticum, Linn. (C. toxicarium, Roxbg.). Bulb 4-5 in. thick; neck 6-9 in. long: Lvs. 20-30 to a bulb, 3-4 ft. long. 3-4 in. broad: peduncle ½-2 ft. long, 1 in. thick; fls. 20-50 in an umbel; spathe-valves 2—4 in. long; pedicels ½-l in. long: perianth white; tube erect, tinged with green, 3—4 in. long; segms. 2½-3 in. long; filaments tinged red, 2 in. long: ovule 1 in a cell. Trop. Asia. B.M. 1073. G.F. 4:283. Baker gives 5 botanical varieties, of which the most important in the American trade is probably var. sinicum, Baker (C. sinicum, Roxbg. C. pedunculatum, Hort., not R. Br.). St. John's Lily. Bulb 6 in. thick, 18 in. long: Lvs. 5 in. broad, with undulated edges, forming a massive crown 4-5 ft. high: peduncle 2-3 ft. long; fls. 20 or more, the tube and segms. longer than in the type; perianth white. China. The bulb usually divides into 2 of equal size; small offsets are rarely produced. Seedlings flower in 5 years. Var. declinatum, Baker (C. declinatum, Herb.); has a declined instead of erect bud; perianth-segms. tinged red at tip. B.M. 2231. Var. procerum, Baker (C. procerum, Carey), is larger than the type with Lvs. 5 ft. long, 6 in. wide: perianth-tube and limb 5 in. long, the latter tinged red outside. Rangoon. B.M. 2684. Var. anomalum, Baker, is freakish- looking, its Lvs. being expanded into a broad, membranous, striated and plaited wing. B.M. 2908 (as C. plicatum), C. eboraci, Herb. (C. hybridum Todorae. Hort.). Similar to the variety next mentioned, but half the size. Garden hybrid between a small form of C. asiaticum and C. longifolium. C. eboraci var. cappedum, Reasoner (C. cappedum, Reasoner). Habit much like C. asiaticum, but Lvs. tapering to a slender point, semi-erect, 4 ft. high: fls. about 20, segms. 4 in. long, ½in. broad, spreading, white, sometimes changing to pink. Garden hybrid between C. asiaticum var. sinicum and C. longifolium. Increases both by offsets and splitting of the bulb into two. C. sinico-scabrum, Hort., hybrid of C. asiaticum var. crossed with C. scabrum, and intermediate in aspect and fl.—C. asiaticum is the largest of the cult, species, good specimens standing 5 ft. high and having a greater spread. The evergreen reticulated Lvs. are ornamental. It blooms several times each year in good warmhouseor greenhouse conditions. CH

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