|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Empetrum (Greek, en, in, petros, rock; growing; often on rocks). Empetraceae. Crowberry. Ornamental low shrubs sometimes grown for the evergreen foliage and attractive fruits.
Leaves linear-oblong, obtuse, thick: fls. dioecious or monoecious, axillary, 1-3, nearly sessile; sepals and petals 3; stamens 3, exserted; ovary superior, 6-9- celled with as many stigmas on a short and thick style: fr. a 6-9-seeded drupe.—Five species through the northern hemisphere in mountainous and arctic regions, also in Chile, antarctic Amer. and Tristan da Cunha.
The crowberries are hardy, evergreen, densely branched, prostrate or creeping, heath-like shrubs, with small, crowded leaves, inconspicuous purplish flowers, and globose, red or black, edible berries. They grow best in moist, sandy or peaty soil, and are especially handsome for rockeries. Propagated usually by cuttings of nearly ripened wood in late summer under glass.
E. rubrum, Vahl (E. nigrum var. rubrum, DC.). Closely related to E. Eamesii. Lvs. less crowded, spreading, somewhat larger. Antarctic Amer., Tristan da Cunha. is. IS. 1783. Alfred Rehder. CH
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- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963