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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Eriobotrya (Greek, woolly duster). Rosaceae, subfamily Pomeae. Small tree, grown for its handsome large foliage and also for its edible acid fruits.

Evergreen trees or shrubs: lvs. alternate, short- petioled or nearly sessile, dentate, with strong veins running straight to the teeth: fls. in terminal, broad panicles; calyx-lobes 5, acute; petals 5, oval or sub- orbicular, clawed; stamens 20; styles 2-5, connate below; ovary inferior, 2-5-celled; cells 2-ovuled: fr. a pome with persistent incurved calyx-teeth, thin endocarp and 1 or few large, ovoid or angular seeds.—About 10 species in the warmer regions of China, Japan, Himalaya and S. Asia. Closely related to Photinia, from which it differs chiefly in the larger fr. with thin endocarp and few large seeds and in the lvs. haying straight veins ending in the teeth. The only species Known in cult. is E. japonica, an evergreen tree with large ornamental foliage, comparatively inconspicuous white fragrant fls. in terminal rusty-woolly clusters, followed by large pear-shaped yellow frs. It can be cult. only in warmer temperate regions, and if protected during the winter, may be grown as far north as Philadelphia; does not seem to be exacting as to the soil. Prop. by seeds.


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