|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Eugenia (named in honor of Prince Eugene of Savoy). Myrtaceae. A large group of trees and shrubs, grown chiefly for their ornamental foliage and berries. Many tropical species yield edible fruits which are both eaten out of hand and made into jellies or confections. A number of these have been recently introduced into the warmer parts of the United States, where they give promise of attaining much importance. The clove of commerce belongs to this genus.
Evergreen trees and shrubs: Leaves opposite, mostly entire and finely penniveined: flowers white or creamy or the numerous stamens yellowish: fruit a drupe-like berry, usually globular or pear-shaped, 1-5-seeded. Habit and inn. of Myrtus, which see for cultivation and propagation. CH
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- E. alba, Roxbg., Malaya, may be known by its sessile ovate- oblong Lvs. and branched peduncles. Intro. into S. Calif. by Franceschi.CH
- E. apiculata, DC., Chile, has oval apiculate Lvs. shorter than the mostly 1-fld. peduncles, and a pubescent infl. Perhaps not now grown in N. Amer.CH
- E. cauliflora, DC., bears fls. and frs. in sessile clusters along the woody branches and the main trunk down nearly to the ground: fr. about ¾ in. diam., purple. Brazil. Intro, by Franceschi, and by U. S. Dept. Agric. (as Myrciaria cauliflora. Berg).CH
- E. costaricensis, Berg., Lvs. oblong. 2-3 in. long: fls. in sessile axillary umbels; pedicels ¼ in. long: fr. obovoid, glabrous, small. Cent. Amer.CH
- E. edulis. Veil. Branchlets. petioles, and young foliage ferrugineous-pubescent: Lvs. willow-like, slenderly acuminate: fr. orange-color or yellow, downy, the size of an apple. Brazil. Intro. by Franceschi, and by the the U. S. Dept. Agric. (as Myrciaria edulis. Skeels). Stands drought well.CH
- E. littoralis, Panch. Lvs. spatulate, obtuse, subcordate at base: fls. sessile, fasciculate-congested; infl. pubescent: fr. puberulent, subglobose, about ½ in. diam., fragrant, sweet to the taste. New Caledonia. Intro. into Calif. by Franceschi. CH
- E. Lumia, Berg=E. apiculata.CH
- E. Mato, Griseb. Lvs. ovate, obtuse, about 1½ in. long: fls. solitary on peduncles much shorter than Lvs. Argentine. Intro, by Franceschi, who describes the fr. as orange-colored, ribbed, and about 1 in. diam., and by the U. 8. Dept. Agric.CH
- E. myriophylla. Casar. Growing parts pubescent: Lvs. mostly ternate, very narrowly linear, ¾-1½ in. long, much exceeding the solitary peduncles. Brazil.CH
- E. pungens, Berger. Young parts pilose: Lvs. elliptic-oblong, spine-tipped, 2-3 in. long, 3/4 - l in. broad, much exceeding the simple peduncles in their axils: fr. depressed-globose, puberulent, small. Brazil. Intro, by Franceschi. and by the U. S. Dept. Agric.CH
- E. pyriformis, Camb. Lvs. myrtle-like but white tomentose beneath, about equaled by the branched peduncles: fr. pear-shaped, yellow, puberulent, edible. Brazil. Intro, in Calif. by Franceschi.CH
- E. Ugni, Hook & Arn.=Myrtus Ugni.CH
- E. Uvatha, Camb., not Miq. Growing parts and infl. pubescent: Lvs. oblong, narrowed at base, obtuse, 1-2 in. long, much exceeding the simple peduncles: fr. yellow, size and shape of a small pear, edible. Brazil. Intro. by Franceschi. Harvey Monroe Hall.CH
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963