|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Fallopia sachalinensis (Polygonum sachalinense, F. Schmidt). Sacaline. Fig. 3106. Exceedingly vigorous plant, spreading rapidly from the tips of strong underground shoots, the reddish glabrous dead stalks often standing 8-12 ft. high throughthe winter: lvs. very large, frequently 1 ft. or more long, soft dull green, the bladeoval-oblong, 1 1/2-2 times as long as broad, shallow-cordate at base, scarcely pointed, the prominent side veins uniting by the ends: fls. greenish, in relatively small axillary clusters,the achene trigonous. Isl. of Sachalin, north of Japan, in Russian territory.—Recently intro. (in N. Amer, in 1894) for forage and for ornament. It is inveterately persistent when once established, and may easily become a pest. For forage it has little merit where other things can be grown, for it is too coarse. For planting in rough places, where a thick cover is required, it is one of the best of all coarse herbaceous perennials. It is perfectly hardy in the N. and seems to thrive anywhere. P. Sieboldii was once distributed as sacaline, but that species is much smaller, with smaller shorter and square-based lvs., and with more profuse bloom. CH
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- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963
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