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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Fortunella (named for Robert Fortune, who in 1846 introduced the first kumquat into Europe). Rutaceae, tribe Citreae. Kumquat. Evergreen shrubs, grown for their small ornamental fruits, which are also preserved and eaten fresh. See Kumquat.

Leaves unifoliate, thick, pale and densely glandular- dotted below: stamens 4 times as many as the petals, polyadelphous; ovary 3-6- (rarely 7-) celled, ovules 2 m each cell; stigma cavernous: frs. like Citrus but smaller, 1—1 ½ in. diam., globose or oval, skin usually thick, sweet and edible; seeds green in section, cotyledons hypogeous in germination: first foliage-lvs. broadly ovate, opposite. Differs from Citrus in having a few- celled ovary with only 2 ovules in a cell, and a cavernous stigma; from Atalantia in having 4 times as many stamens as petals.—Four species are recognized.

The two commonly cultivated species of kumquats have been referred by botanists to Citrus, but the obviously related Hongkong wild kumquat has been referred to Atalantia. The kumquats are, as a matter of fact, out of place either in Citrus or Atalantia and constitute a separate genus about midway between these two. See Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5:165-176 (No. 5, March 4) 1915.


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