|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Fumaria (fumus, smoke, the application perhaps to the smoke-like odor of roots or other parts of some species). Fumariaceae, a family by some botanists united with Papaveraceae. This genus includes the common fumitory, F. officinalis, formerly held in great repute for various ailments, but now practically banished from medical practice. Seeds are still rarely sold to those who have faith in old physic gardens. The plant has a large literature, which is especially interesting to those who delight in herbals. As an ornamental plant, it is surpassed by Adlumia. There are about 40 species of Fumaria in the Medit. region and Cent. Eu., and S. Afr.: mostly annual herbs, with compound much-dissected lvs., usually diffuse and branching, sometimes climbing, glaucous: corolla 1-spurred at base, and thereby distinguished at once from Adlumia; sepals 2, very small; petals 4; stamens 6, diadelphous: fr. a roundish 1 -seeded indehiscent nutlet. F. officinalis, Linn., the common fumitory, of Eu., is sparingly run wild in waste places: 2-3 ft. high: lvs. petioled, the segms. linear, oblong or cuneate and entire or lobed: fls. small, flesh-color with crimson tip, in narrow racemes. Variable. L.H.B. CH
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Pests and diseases
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- Selected specieswp
- Fumaria bastardii - tall ramping fumitory, bastard's fumitory
- Fumaria capreolata - white ramping fumitory
- Fumaria densiflora - dense-flowered fumitory
- Fumaria macrocarpa
- Fumaria martinii - Martin's fumitory
- Fumaria muralis - wall fumitory
- Fumaria occidentalis - western fumitory, Cornish fumitory
- Fumaria officinalis - common fumitory, drug fumitory
- Fumaria purpurea - purple ramping fumitory
- Fumaria parviflora - fineleaf fumitory
- Fumaria reuteri - few-flowered fumitory
- Fumaria schleicheri
- Fumaria vaillantii - earthsmoke
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963