|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Garrya (after Nicholas Garry, secretary of the Hudson Bay Company). Including Fadyenia. Garryaceae, formerly included under Cornaceae. Ornamental shrubs chiefly grown for foliage and showy catkins. Evergreen: Lvs. opposite, short-petioled, entire or denticulate, without stipules: fls. dioecious, apetalous, 1-3 in the axils of opposite bracts on elongated, often drooping, axillary spikes; staminate fls. with 4 sepals and 4 stamens; pistillate with 2 sepals and 2 styles and a 1-celled ovary: berry 1-2-seeded, rather dry.—About 10 species in W. N. Amer. from S. Ore. to S. Mex., east to W. Texas.
The garryas generally have elliptic to oblong leaves, and small greenish white or yellowish flowers in catkin- like, often pendulous spikes, and dark purple or dark blue berries. None of the species is hardy North but G. flavescens, G. wrightii, and also G. fremontii, which are the hardiest, can probably be grown north to New York in sheltered positions, while the others are hardy in warmer regions only. They are well adapted for evergreen shrubberies, and the staminate plants are especially decorative in early spring with the showy, pendulous catkins, which in G. elliptica attain to 1 foot in length and often bloom in midwinter. The garryas thrive well in a well-drained soil and in sunny, sheltered position; in England they are often grown on walls. Propagation is by seeds or by cuttings of half- ripened wood under glass; also by layers.
G. fadeynii, Hook. (Fadyenia Hookeri, Griseb.). Shrub, to 15 ft.: lvs. elliptic to oblong, acute or mucronulate, glossy above, tomentose beneath or almost glabrous at length, 2-4 in. long: bracts oblong-lanceolate, remote: fr. tomentose. Jamaica. Cuba.— G. flavescens, Wats. (G. vetchii var. flavescens, Coult. 4 Evans). Shrub, to 8 ft.: lvs. elliptic, silky pubescent below, 1-2 in. long: spikes dense, about 1 in. long. An... Utah, N. Mex.—G. fremontii, Torr. Shrub, to 10 ft.: lvs. ovate to oblong, acute, glabrous on both sides, yellowish green, 1-3 in. long: spikes dense, 2-5 in. long: with short bracts: fr. pedicelled, glabrous. Ore. to Calif. G.C. II. 15:431; III. 35:44.—G. macrophylla, Benth. Shrub, to 6 ft.: lvs. ovate to oblong-ovate, glabrous above, villous-pubescent beneath, 2-5 in. long: spikes dense and short: fr. sessile. Mex.—G. thuretii, Carr. (G. elliptica x G. fadyenii). Shrub, to 15 ft.: lvs. elliptic to elliptic-oblong, whitish tomentose beneath, 2-5 in. long: bracts remote, with usually 1 fl. in each axil; spikes shorter than those of G. elliptica. Originated in France. R.H. 1869, p. 17; 1879, pp. 154, 155.—G. vietchii, Kellogg. Spreading shrub, to 8 ft.: lvs. elliptic-ovate to ovate-oblong, acute, yellowish green, tomentose beneath, l ½ - 2 ½ in. long: spikes dense, 1-2 in. long: fr. sessile, usually silky tomentose. Nev. to Calif, and N. Mex. Named for J. A. Veatch, botanical explorer of Cedros Isl., Lower Calif.—-G. wrightii, Torr. Shrub, to 10 ft.: lvs. elliptic or elliptic-ovate, acutish and mucronate, glabrous or nearly so below, 1-2 in. long: spikes slender, about 2 in. long: fr. glabrous, nearly sessile. Ariz., Mex.
Alfred Rehder. CH
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- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963