|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Gaylussacia (after J. L. Gaylussac, eminent French chemist; died 1850). Syn., Adnaria. Ericaceae, tribe Vaccinieae. Huckleberry. Small shrubs, some grown for their handsome flowers, others valued for their edible fruits.
Evergreen or deciduous: lvs. alternate, short-petioled, usually entire: fls. in axillary, usually few-fld. racemes; calyx 5-lobed, persistent; corolla tubular-campanulate or urceolate; stamens 10; anthers acute; ovary inferior, 10-celled, each cell with 1 ovule: fr. a berry-like drupe with 10 nutlets.—About 50 species in E. N. Amer. and S. Amer. Closely allied to Vaccinium, distinguished by the 10-celled ovary, each cell with 1 ovule.
The huckleberries are low shrubs with white, red, or reddish green flowers, and blue or black mostly edible fruits. The deciduous species are hardy North, but are of little decorative value, the handsomest being G. dumosa, while the evergreen species, all inhabitants of the South American mountains, except the half-hardy G. brachycera are often very ornamental in foliage and flowers, but tender and hardly cultivated in this country. They grow best in peaty or sandy soil and in shaded situations; but G. baccata thrives well also in drier localities and exposed to the full sun; like other Ericaceae;, they are all impatient of limestone. Propagated by seeds, layers or division; the evergreen species by cuttings of half-ripened wood under glass. See also Vaccinium for cultivation.
G. pseudo-vaccinium, Cham. & Schlecht. Evergreen, usually glabrous shrub, to 3 ft., with elliptic, entire Ivs. and red fls. in secund, many-fld. racemes. Brazil. B.R. 30:02. R.H. 1845:285.
Alfred Rehder. CH
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- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963