|Neuwiedia subsp. var.|
The type species is Neuwiedia veratrifolia Blume 1834
The genus is distributed in shaded, damp areas from Malaysia, Borneo, Java to the Philippines, New Guinea and southwest of the Pacific. Like the genus Apostasia of the same subfamily, this genus is noted for having 3 fertile stamens instead of only one as in the case of most orchids. Because of this primitive characteristics, the genus was considered by some as not being true orchids.
These primitive orchids are hairy, tall herbs without rhizomes. They grow long, plicate leaves. They produce an unbranched, erect, terminal inflorescence bearing usually white or yellow, nodding flowers.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Neuwiedia (named for Prince Maximilian von Newied). Orchidaceae. A half-dozen Malayan terrestrial orchids with short caudex and leafy sts.: Lvs. lengthened, stalked, strong-nerved: fls. small, mostly white or yellow, sessile or nearly so, in a bracteate terminal raceme or spike; sepals and petals free and mostly similar, connivent or spreading; lip somewhat spatulate, similar to petals; column short. Little cult.; require conditions of warmhouse paphiopedilum. N. Lindleyi, Rolfe, has primrose-yellow decurved fls. 1 in. long: 3-4 ft.: Lvs. many, 1-2 ft. long, oblanceolate, membranaceous. N. Griffithii, Reichb. f.. has white deflexed pubescent fls. in a short spike; 16 in.: Lvs. 4-10 in. long, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate.
Pests and diseases
- Neuwiedia annamensis Gagnep. 1933
- Neuwiedia balansae Baill. ex Gagnep. 1933
- Neuwiedia borneensis de Vogel 1969
- Neuwiedia elongata de Vogel 1969
- Neuwiedia griffithii Rchb.f. 1874
- Neuwiedia inae de Vogel 1969
- Neuwiedia siamensis de Vogel 1969
- Neuwiedia veratrifolia Blume 1834
- Neuwiedia zollingeri Rchb.f. 1857
- Neuwiedia zollingeri var. javanica (J.J.Sm.) de Vogel 1969
- Neuwiedia zollingeri var. singapureana (Wall. ex Baker) de Vogel 1969
- Neuwiedia zollingeri var. zollingeri
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963