|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Phalaris (old Greek name for a grass). Gramineae. Stout hardy ornamental grasses.
Spikelets 1-fld., in heads or spike-like panicles; glumes'boat-shaped, awnless; 2 minute sterile lemmas at base of perfect floret.—Ten species, mostly of S. Eu., one native throughout the northern part of N. Amer., a variety of which is ribbon-grass. P. canariensis, Canary-grass, which is cult, in Eu. for bird-food or as a cereal, sometimes escapes along roadsides. This annual species, on account of its variegated ovate spikes, is worthy of cult, as an ornamental grass.
The name "P. commulata, or Toowoomba Canary-grass." has appeared in recent agricultural literature, as an intro. from Austral. The grass has been identified as P. bulbosa, Linn. CH
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- Phalaris angusta - timothy canarygrass
- Phalaris aquatica - bulbous canarygrass, Harding grass, Hardinggrass, =Phalaris tuberosa
- Phalaris arundinacea - reed canary grass, reed canarygrass
- Phalaris brachystachys - shortspike canarygrass
- Phalaris californica - California canarygrass
- Phalaris canariensis - annual canarygrass, common canary grass, common canarygrass
- Phalaris caroliniana - Carolina canarygrass
- Phalaris coerulescens - sunolgrass
- Phalaris commutata
- Phalaris lemmonii - Lemmon's canarygrass
- Phalaris minor - canarygrass, littleseed canarygrass
- Phalaris paradoxa - hood canarygrass
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963