Phaseolus vulgaris

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Phaseolus vulgaris, Linn. Common Bean. Kidney Bean of the English. Habicot of the French. Figs. 2S95— 2897. Erect or twining (on poor or dry soil many varieties are erect which are twining in more moist or fertile land; some varieties, however, retain the bush form under the most favorable conditions): mature planta more or less pubescent: lfts. rhombic-ovate or ovate, acuminate: peduncles shorter than the petioles, few- fld. at or near the apex: fls. small, white, yellowish or blue-purple: pod slender, somewhat curved, provided with a straight or curved tip, fleshy when young and either green or light yellowish wax-color; length of mature seed less than 4/5 in., average weight more than .20 gram, no conspicuous lines radiating from the hilum: primary lvs. entire, cordate, deeply auriculate, dull green, slightly rough from fine scattered hispid pubescence, their petioles distinctly pubescent.— Both seed and plant characters very variable. There are probably about 200 distinct types, which include between 400 and 500 named commercial varieties. Here are included all of both bush and running forms of which the pods are used as green snap beans as well as the dry shell-bean type like the Navy, Boston Pea, and California Tree bean. The seven species of common beans (P. vulgaris, Savi, P. compressus. Mart., P. gonospermus, Savi, P. carinatus. Mart., P. oblongus. Savi, P. ellipticus, Mart.. P. sphaericus, Mart.) which were separated by George von Martens (Die Gartenbohnen, 1860) according to the shape and size of the seeds, are now recognized by botanists as different varieties of P. vulgaris, Linn. For cult., see Bean. For descriptions of commercial varieties see H. C. Irish, "Garden Beans Cultivated as Esculents," Missouri Bot. Garden, 12th Ann. Rept. (1901), pp. 81-165; W. W. Tracy, Jr., "American Varieties of Garden Beans," U. S. Bur. Plant Ind., Bull. No. 109 (1907), pp. 5-173; C. D. Jarvis, "American Varieties of Beans," Cornell Bull. No. 260 (1908), pp. 149-245. CH

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