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[[{{{domain}}}]] > [[{{{superregnum}}}]] > Plantae > [[{{{subregnum}}}]] > [[{{{superdivisio}}}]] > [[{{{superphylum}}}]] > [[]] > [[{{{phylum}}}]] > [[{{{subdivisio}}}]] > [[{{{subphylum}}}]] > [[{{{infraphylum}}}]] > [[{{{microphylum}}}]] > [[{{{nanophylum}}}]] > [[{{{superclassis}}}]] > [[]] > [[{{{subclassis}}}]] > [[{{{infraclassis}}}]] > [[{{{superordo}}}]] > [[]] > [[{{{subordo}}}]] > [[{{{infraordo}}}]] > [[{{{superfamilia}}}]] > [[]] > [[{{{subfamilia}}}]] > [[{{{supertribus}}}]] > [[{{{tribus}}}]] > [[{{{subtribus}}}]] > [[]] {{{subgenus}}} {{{sectio}}} {{{series}}} var.

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Pogostemon (Greek, bearded stamen). Labiate. This includes the plant which produces the well-known perfumes called patchouli, or in India pucha-pat.

Herbs or subshrubs: lvs. opposite, rarely in 3's: fls. small, in solitary or panicled spikes formed of many dense whorls; calyx subequally 4-5-toothed; corolla- tube exserted or included; limb sub-2-lipped; lobes 4, lower usually longest; stamens 4, exsertea, straight or declinate; filaments usually bearded; anther-cells confluent: nutlets smooth, ovoid or oblong.—About 40 species, 24 of which are distinguished in Flora of British India 4:631.

Patchouli has a peculiar dry moldy smell and is one of the commonest perfumes in India. In the 1840's its presence was considered the sure test of a genuine Indian shawl, but the French manufacturers of imitation Indian shawls imported the perfume in the 1850's. Patchouli is no longer fashionable. Fuller accounts of it will be found in the "Cultural Industries of Queens land," V. 8:247 and Gn. 27. p. 447. The plant has no ornamental value. Live plants were introduced into southern California, and were offered in 1900 in the East. CH

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