Prunus alleghaniensis

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Prunus alleghaniensis, Porter. Alleghany Plum. Fig. 3225. Tree, 12-15 ft., or oftener a straggling bush, usually not thorny, the young growth reddish and glabrous: lvs. lance-ovate to elliptic-obovate, about 3 in. and less long, prominently acuminate, sharply fine-serrate, pubescent on the veins beneath but becoming glabrous with age; petiole usually glandless but sometimes with glands at apex: fls. small (1/2in. across), white, in clusters of 2-5, appearing with or before the lvs., the calyx minutely pubescent and with narrowly oblong-ovate slightly hairy lobes, the petals round-obovate: fr. globular or ovoid, 5/8in. or less diam., dark purple with a heavy bloom, acid in flavor and often austere;

stone somewhat obovoid and obtusish at apex, the surface slightly roughened. Pa., Conn. S.S..4:153. G.F. 3:429, from which Fig. 3225 is reduced.—In a very limited way the species has come into botanic gardens and collections. As an ornamental subject it has merit, for it bears profusely of fls. and fr. The plums, or "sloes," are collected from the wild for the making of pies and preserves.

Var. Davisii, Wight, along gravelly ridges in the northern part of the southern peninsula of Mich., bearing blue frs. used locally for jellies and conserves, is distinguished by lvs. broader in proportion to their length and less acuminate. From P. maritima, which it resembles, it differs in the reddish color of twigs, more glabrous lvs. and pedicels, and the stone pointed rather than rounded at base. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


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