Prunus angustifolia

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Prunus angustifolia, Marsh. (P. Chicasa, Michx. P. steno- phyllus, Raf.). Chickasaw Plum. Mountain Cherry. Small bushy-topped twiggy tree, 8-10 ft. high or often only a shrub forming dense thickets, with slender zigzag reddish branches: lvs. lanceolate or oblong- lanceolate and conduplicate (trough-like), shining, 2 in. or less long, mostly narrowed toward base, at apex acuminate or short-acute, glabrous or sometimes sparingly pubescent on nerves beneath, finely and closely serrate; petiole glandular or not near apex: fls. white, preceding lvs., about 1/3in. across, on glabrous pedicels; calyx-lobes ovate-obtuse and shorter than tube, not glandular, exterior glabrous: fr. small and early, cherry-like, slender-stemmed, red or yellow and yellow-dotted, shining, thinly glaucous, the flesh soft and juicy and clinging to the small rough stone. Del. to Fla. and Texas, being abundant in sandy places. S.S. 4:152.—This species has given rise to several pomplogical varieties, as Caddo Chief and Ogeeche; it is an early-fruiting species, more or less thorny.

Var. Watsonii, Waugh (P. Watsonii, Sarg.). Sand Plum. Fig. 3221. Bush, 3-6 ft. high, with more zigzag twigs than in P. angustifolia, more spiny, the lvs. smaller, less pointed and less conspicuously serrate, the fls. smaller, the fr. with thicker skin. Dry regions of Kans. to Texas and New Mex. (also reported from Neb. but perhaps intro.), and planted by the settlers, who prize it for its fr. G.F. 7:135 (adapted in Fig. 3221). Several named pomological varieties issue from this variety, as Strawberry, Welcome, Red, Yellow, and Purple Panhandle. Var. Watsonii is named for Dr. Louis Watson, of Kans.

Var. varians, Wight & Hedr. Big Chickasaw Plum. Rather larger than P. angustifolia itself, more robust and a less crabbed grower, lvs. and pedicels longer, and stone usually more pointed at apex. Okla., Texas, in more fertile soil than the species.—Apparently a range of forms growing under better conditions than those in which the plants taken as the type of P. angustifolia are found, and giving rise to many early- fruited plums, such as Yellow Transparent, Emerson, Coletta, Clark, African. Supposed to have furnished hybrids with P. Munsoniana and P. salicina. The Marianna most probably represents a cross between some form of P. angustifolia (perhaps var. varians) and P. cerasifera. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


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