Prunus fruticosa

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Prunus fruticosa, Pall. (P. Cerasus var. pumila, Linn., not P. pumila, Linn., P. Chamaecerasus, Jacq. P. pumila, Hort. P. intermedia, Poir. Cerasus Chamaecerasus, Loisel. C. humilis, Hort. Cerasus sibirica, Hort.). Dwarf Cherry, or Ground Cherry, of Eu. Spreading bush, 2—4 ft. high, with slender glabrous branch- lets: lvs. varying from obo- vate to oblanceolate and lanceolate, the apex acuminate or sometimes almost obtuse, closely serrulate, thickish, shining above, the petiole short: fls. white, in nearly or quite sessile umbels: fr. small, globular, purple-red, very sour. Highlands and mountains of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and S. Russia.—P. eminens, Beck, is a hybrid of P. fruticosa and P. Cerasue.

Var. pendula, Dipp.(Prunus and Cerasus japonica pendula, Hort.), is a most ornamental form with drooping branches, excellent for top-working on standard stocks (Fig. 3236). G.W. 10, p. 511. This is sometimes confounded with P. semperflorens (No. 53), but is distinguished at once by its foliage, its early blooming, its fls. in clusters, and its dwarf habit. This is the form of P. fruticosa chiefly known in this country. A similar pendulous form, but with larger and more crenate-serrate lvs., is known as P. reflexa, Hort,.; perhaps a hybrid of P. fruticosa and P. semperflorens. Var. variegata, Hort., has lvs. marked with yellowish white.


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