Prunus hortulana

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Prunus hortulana, Bailey (P. hortulana var. Waylandii, Bailey). Hortulana Plum. Fig. 3220. Tree distinct, not sprouting from the root or forming thickets or hedges, 15-30 ft. tall with thinnish exfoliating bark and brownish twigs: lvs. oblong-obovate or elliptic-ovate, the blade 3-4 in.-long, rather broad to rounded at the mostly oblique base, long-acuminate, yellowish green, glabrous above and more or less shining, lightly pubescent or practically glabrous beneath, the margins shallowly and obtusely serrate or crenate-serrate; petiole usually bearing 1 or 2 or more small glands toward the apex: fls. preceding the lvs., white, small (about 1/2in. broad), the pedicels slender and glabrous; calyx-lobes about as long as the tube, oblong-ovate, glandular on margin but otherwise glabrous or nearly so on exterior, mostly obtuse; petals oval to nearly orbicular, clawed: fr. globose or short-oblong, 3/4-l in. diam. in the wild, red to yellow and mostly white-dotted, with little or no bloom, not thick-skinned; pit or stone various, globose to oval or oblong, the surface more or less reticulated. Cent. Ky., Tenn., to Iowa and Okla.—This species has yielded a good number of cult, varieties, as Kanawha, Golden Beauty, Cumberland, Leptune, Way- land, Moreman, Sucker State. The species was first distinguished in 1892 to designate varieties of plums intermediate between P. americana and P. angustifolia (the two species at that time clearly separated); these intermediate varieties were then said to "represent at least two other species, and perhaps even more" (G.F. 5:90), one of which it was proposed to separate as P. hortulana. Later students have separated P. Mun- soniana from these varieties, and have redefined other species. Subsequently it was supposed that P. hortulana represents a range of hybrids between P. americana and P. angustifolia, and it is not yet known what part hybridization has played in the origin of these forms, although the evidence accumulates that separate specific types are involved.

Var. Mineri, Bailey, is nearer to P. americana, and represents the northward extension of the group; it is known by its thicker and duller lvs. which are very veiny below and coarsely toothed and somewhat obovate in out- line, and by a late firm fr. To this form belong the Miner, Langsdon, Clinton, Forest Rose. The Miner is apparently the first horticultural variety of native plum to receive a name; the seed that produced the original tree was planted in 1814. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


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