Prunus nigra

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Prunus nigra, Ait. (P. borealis, Poir. P. moullis, Torr. P. americana var. nigra, Waugh). Canada Plum. Lvs. mostly broader, the teeth glandular and remaining on mature lvs. as small callous points, but the teeth otherwise nearly or quite blunt and thereby differing from the sharply and deeply serrate lvs. of P. americana;petioles bearing 2 glands, near the top: fls. larger, on slender dark red pedicels, white changing to pink, the calyx-lobes glandular-serrate and glabrous on the inside: fr. mostly somewhat, oblong and orange-red, the stone large and much compressed. New Bruns, to Assiniboia, and in New England, N. Y., Mich., Wis., and N. Ohio; possibly intro. in some of its southern ranges. S.S. 4:149.—A more showy tree than P. americana, blooming earlier, and in its extreme forms appearing to be very distinct. It has given rise to some of the best fr.-bearing varieties, such as the Cheney, Itasca, Oxford, Aitkin, Crimson, although not nearly, so prolific of cult, forms as P. americana.


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