Prunus simonii

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Prunus simonii, Carr. (Persica Simonii, Decne.). Simon or Apricot Plum. Fig. 3217. A straight-growing fastigiate tree: lvs. rather long-oblanceolate or lance- obovate, somewhat thick and heavy, dull, very veiny below, finely but unevenly obtuse-serrate, conduplicate or trough-shaped in habit: fls. nearly white, on short stalks, often 2 or 3 together, preceding the lvs.: fr. 1-2 in. diam., flattened lengthwise, very firm in texture, perfectly smooth, handsome maroon-red, possessing a deep suture, the yellow flesh closely adhering to the small spongy-roughened nearly orbicular pit; peduncle usually not adhering to the mature fr. Named in honor of Eugene Simon, who sent pits from China to France, prior to 1872; botanical position in the genus doubtful, as it has some of the characters of apricots. The fls. are sometimes described as appearing with the lvs., but in N. Y., at least, they are distinctly precocious. China. Not known as a native plant. R.H. 1872:110. Gn. 70, p. 225.—Intro, into the U. S. about 1880, or shortly after. Although much advertised by nurserymen, it has not attracted great attention from fruit-growers in the E. On the Pacific slope it is popular. The fr. is usually bitter, with an almond-like astringency, but sometimes it is very palatable. The tree is very hardy and vigorous somewhat north of the limit of peach-growing, but, except in the Pacific region, it does not appear to be uniformly productive. The fr. is handsome, with a pleasing odor and it keeps a long time. The tree is conspicuous for its narrow erect growth. The fls. are borne on short spurs on wood 2 and more years old; also singly on the last year's growth. The Wickson plum is apparently a hybrid of this species and P. salicina.


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