Prunus subcordata

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Prunus subcordata, Benth. Pacific Plum. Small tree or bush, usually only a few feet high, but sometimes rising to 20 or 25 ft.: lvs. round-ovate, or orbicular, obtuse, mostly broad or subcordate at base, either sharply or obtusely serrate (usually incised-serrate), thick, soft-pubescent beneath but becoming more or less glabrous: fls. white fading to rose, less than 1 in. across, in clusters of 4 or less and appearing before or with the lvs. : fr. globular or short-oblong, usually dark red, in the largest wild forms somewhat over 1 in. diam., the flesh subacid and clinging to the flat, smooth, or slightly roughened stone. High lands and mountains, Calif, and Ore. S.S. 4:154.—The fr. is gathered for domestic uses, and the tree is sometimes planted about settlements. It varies much, and the greater part of the trees do not produce agreeable fr. In many cases it is only a tree-like bush. The bark is blackish, and is sometimes pubescent on young shoots, which are reddish.

Var. Kelloggii, Lemmon. Sisson Plum. Taller and more slender: bark ash-gray: lvs. usually not cordate, orbicular or elliptical, nearly glabrous, but apparently not constantly different from the species itself: fr. larger (1 in. or more long), ovate, yellow or red, the flesh soft and palatable. N. Calif.—Much recommended by Mr. Sisson, near Mt. Shasta, whose name it bears, and now planted in some places in Calif. It is superior to P. subcordota. The tree rarely exceeds 15 ft. in height and 4-6 in. diam. of trunk. It seems to lack good botanical characters of separation from the type of the species.

Var. oregana, Wight (P. oregana, Greene). Oregon Plum. Fr. pubescent at maturity: lvs. oval or ovate, not so large as usual in the type species, pubescent at least beneath. Ore.—Apparently not cult. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


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