Prunus virginiana

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Prunus virginiana. Linn. (Cerasus virginiana, Loisel. Prinus nana, Du Roi. Padus nana, Roem.). Choke Cherry. Fig. 3243. Bush or sometimes a small tree 30 ft. tall, with rough speckled bark and a strong odor when bruised: lvs. thin, oval-oblong or obovate, abruptly pointed, very sharply serrate, with spreading or at least not incurved teeth: fls. in short, dense racemes in spring with the lvs.: fr. size of pea, in summer, red or amber-colored (the latter var. leucocarpa, Wats.), puckery; stone smooth. Generally distributed over N. N. Amer. to the Arctic Circle and occurring in the mountains of Mex. S.S. 4:158.—Now and then a large- fruited variety is found fit for eating. Sometimes planted for ornament. There is a weeping form, var.

pendula, Hort.; a dwarf form, var. nana, Hort.; a narrow-lvd. form, var. salicifolia, Hort. Other more or less distinct forms may be distinguished. Recently the name P. nana, Du Roi, has been used for this species, and P. virginiana has been made to supplant the name P. serotina (No. 70). Linnaeus had two plants under P. virginiana in Species Plant- arum. The synonyms cited by him clearly designate P. serotina (the black cherry); except one, which is an Itea; but his original description, to which he gave the name P. virginiana and which is based on material preserved in his herbarium, is of the choke cherry; and there seems to be no occasion to change the names of these well-known plants.


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