Purple Willow

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 Salix purpurea subsp. var.  Purple Willow, Purple Osier, Alaska blue willow, Arctic willow, Purple osier willow
Purple Willow illustration
Habit: tree
Height: to
Width: to
15ft 15ft
Height: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 15 ft
Width: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 15 ft
Lifespan: perennial
Bloom: early spring, mid spring, late spring
Exposure: sun
Water: wet, moist
Features: flowers
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: 5 to 10
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: red, pink
Salicaceae > Salix purpurea var. , L.

Salix purpurea (Purple Willow or Purple Osier) is a species of willow native to most of Europe and western Asia north to the British Isles, Poland, and the Baltic States.[1][2][3]

It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1-3 m (rarely to 5 m) tall, with purple-brown to yellow-brown shoots, turning pale grey on old stems. The leaves are 2-8 cm (rarely to 12 cm) long and 0.3-1 cm (rarely 2 cm) wide; they are dark green above, glaucous green below, and unusually for a willow, are often arranged in opposite pairs rather than alternate. The flowers are small catkins 1.5-4.5 cm long, produced in early spring; they are often purple or red in colour, whence the name of the species (other willows mostly have whitish, yellow or green catkins).[2][3]

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Salix purpurea. (S. Forbyana, Smith. Vetrix purpurea, Rafin.). Purple Osier. A shrub or small tree, spreading at base, with long, flexible branches: lvs. oblanceolate, serrulate, glabrous, veiny, 3-6 in. long, often appearing opposite: aments sessile, slender; pistillate recurved; scales purple; stamen 1: caps. small, ovate. Eu.—Planted as an ornamental shrub and escaped in many places. Also grown as a basket-willow. Var. pendula, Dipp. (S. nigra pendula, Hort. S. Americana pendula, Hort.). Branches pendent.

Var. lambertiana, W. D. Koch. Lvs. broader, generally obovate-lanceolate, more abruptly acuminate, usually more rounded at the base, up to 4 in. long and 3/4 in. broad. Var. sericea, W. D. Koch. Lvs. silky when young, becoming glabrous. Here belongs the "Kecks Willow" (var. Kecksii, Hort.). Var. amplexicaulis, Boiss. Lvs. sessile or subsessile, cordate or rounded at the base, acuminate, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, glabrous.

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.



Pests and diseases




  1. Flora Europaea: Salix purpurea
  2. 2.0 2.1 Meikle, R. D. (1984). Willows and Poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. BSBI Handbook No. 4. ISBN 0-901158-07-0.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Rushforth, K. (1999). Trees of Britain and Europe. Collins ISBN 0-00-220013-9.

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