Stachys officinalis

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 Stachys officinalis subsp. var.  Bishop's wort, Wood betony
Betonica Officinalis.jpg
Habit: herbaceous
Height: to
Width: to
12in36in 18in36in
Height: 12 in to 36 in
Width: 18 in to 36 in
Lifespan: perennial
Bloom: early summer, mid summer, late summer, early fall, mid fall, late fall
Exposure: sun
Features: flowers
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: 5 to 8
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: red, blue, purple, pink, white
Lamiaceae > Stachys officinalis var. ,

Stachys officinalis, commonly known as Purple betony, Wood betony or Bishop's wort, is a perennial grassland herb growing to 70cm tall. Its leaves are stalked on upright stems, narrowly oval, with a heart-shaped base, with a somewhat wrinkled texture and toothed margins. The calyx is 5-7mm long, with 5 teeth, edged with bristles. The corolla 1-1.5cm long. Its upper lip flat, almost straight when seen from the side. The anthers stick straight out. It flowers in mid summer from July to September, and is found in dry grassland, meadows and open woods in most of Europe, western Asia and North Africa. In the British Isles it is common in England and Wales, but rare in Ireland and northern Scotland.

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Stachys officinalis, Franch. (S. Betonica, Benth. Betonica officinalis, Linn.). Betony. A hardy perennial herb 1-3 ft. high: lower lvs. long-petioled, ovate-oblong, crenate, obtuse, cordate at the base, 3-6 in. long; upper lvs. distant, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, acute: fls. purple, in a dense, terminal spike. July. Eu., Asia Minor. —Rarely found as an escape in this country, and once cult. for use in domestic medicine. Useful for ornament, and now advertised for that purpose. There are white-fld. forms of the species offered in the trade under the names of S. Betonica alba and S. Betonica albiflora and there is also a large-fld. form with soft rose-colored fls. known as S. Betonica grandiflora. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.



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