Syringa josikaea

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 Syringa josikaea subsp. var.  Hungarian lilac
Habit: shrub
Height: to
Width: to
12ft 10ft
Height: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 12 ft
Width: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 10 ft
Lifespan: perennial
Exposure: sun
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Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: 5 to 9
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: blue, purple
Oleaceae > Syringa josikaea var. ,

Syringa josikaea (Hungarian Lilac) is a species of Lilac, native to central and eastern Europe, in the Carpathian Mountains in Hungary, Romania, and western Ukraine.[1][2]

It is a deciduous shrub growing to a height of 2-4 m. The leaves are elliptic-acute, 6–12 cm long, with a finely hairy margin. The flowers are dark pink, with a tubular base to the corolla 15 mm long with a narrow four-lobed apex 3–4 mm across, with a strong fragrance; they are produced in slender panicles up to 15 cm long in early summer. The fruit is a dry, smooth brown capsule, splitting in two to release the two winged seeds.[1][3][4]

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Syringa josikaea, Jacq. Shrub, attaining 12 ft., with upright, stout, terete branches: lvs. broadly elliptic to elliptic-oblong, acute at both ends, finely ciliate, dark green and shining above, glabrous or pubescent on the midrib beneath, 2 1/2 - 5 in. long: fls. violet, short-pedicelled or almost sessile, clustered, in rather narrow panicles 3-7 in. long; corolla with the half-upright lobes 3/4 in. long; stamens inserted somewhat above the middle of the tube. June. Hungary.— Less handsome than most other species, but valuable for its late blooming season. Var. pallida, Hort., has pale violet fls.; var. rubra, Hort., reddish violet fls. CH

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Growing conditions allow for cool to temperate climate and are fully frost hardy. The plant also grows in full sun to semi shade.[4] Despite its continental European origin, it has proved to be surprisingly successful when cultivated in the oceanic extremes of northwestern Europe on the Faroe Islands and in arctic northern Norway north to Kirkenes.[5]


Pests and diseases


It has hybridised in cultivation with the closely related Syringa komarowii from China; the hybrid is named Syringa × josiflexa.[3]



  1. 1.0 1.1 Rushforth, K. (1999). Trees of Britain and Europe. Collins ISBN 0-00-220013-9.
  2. Flora Europaea: Syringa josikaea
  3. 3.0 3.1 Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Plants for a Future: Syringa josikaea
  5. Højgaard, A., Jóhansen, J., & Ødum, S. (1989). A century of tree planting on the Faroe Islands. Ann. Soc. Sci. Faeroensis Supplementum 14.

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