Trillium erectum

From - Plant Encyclopedia and Gardening wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
 Trillium erectum subsp. var.  Bethroot, Birthroot
Habit: herbaceous
Height: to
Width: to
20in 20in
Height: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 20 in
Width: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 20 in
Lifespan: perennial
Bloom: early spring, mid spring, late spring
Exposure: part-sun, shade
Features: flowers
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: -35°C238.15 K
-31 °F
428.67 °R
USDA Zones: 4 to 9
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: red, pink
Trilliaceae > Trillium erectum var. , L.

Trillium erectum, also known as Wake-robin, red trillium, purple trillium, Beth root or Stinking Benjamin, is a spring-flowering perennial plant native to the east and north-eastern areas of North America. The flowers are a deep red colour, and the plant takes its name Wake-robin by analogy with the Robin, which has a red breast that heralds spring.

This plant grows to about 40 cm in height with a spread of 30 cm and can tolerate extreme cold in winter, surviving temperatures down to -35 C. The flowers have the smell of rotting meat, as they are pollinated by flies. The leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals and crystal raphide, and should not be consumed by humans.

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Trillium erectum, Linn. (T. pendulum, Willd. T. purpureum. Kin. T. foetidum, Salisb. T. atropurpureum, Curtis). Stout, 1 ft. or more high: lvs. broadly rhombic-ovate: pedicel usually bent over or inclined but sometimes erect: fls. brown-purple to greenish purple, the petals usually about 1 in. long, ovate to lanceolate, not much if any exceeding the sepals. Nova Scotia to Man., N. C. and Mo.—The fls. of T. erectum are ill-smelling. Var. album, Lodd., has white fls.

Var. viridiflorum. Hook. Fls. greenish. Not known to be in the trade. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


Do you have cultivation info on this plant? Edit this section!


Do you have propagation info on this plant? Edit this section!

Pests and diseases

Do you have pest and disease info on this plant? Edit this section!




External links

blog comments powered by Disqus
Personal tools
Bookmark and Share