Vitis vinifera

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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Vitis vinifera, Linn. Wine Grape. European Grape. Fig. 3956. Young growth smooth or floccose, the plant not so high-climbing as most American species: tendrils intermittent: lvs. mostly thinnish, rounded, with a deep sinus and the basal lobes usually overlapping, tomentose or glabrous beneath, the margins coarsely notched or jagged: clusters large and long, the berries usually oval or oblong, although many varieties are globular-fruited. Probably native to the Caspian or Caucasus region and W. India. Cult. from the earliest times, and the grape of history; now greatly varied. The hothouse grapes, as Black Hamburg, Barbarossa, are of this species; also the vineyard grapes of Calif. Not hardy in the northern states and very subject to phylloxera (root-louse) and mildew. Regel, a Russian botanist, considered the wine grape to be a hybrid of 2 species that he characterized as V. Labrusca and V. vulpina, but this view is not accepted. Var. apiifolia, Loud. (V. laciniosa, Linn. V. vinifera var. laciniosa, Dipp.), has the lvs. cut into 5 much-cleft segms: ornamental: known as "parsley vine," and "ciotat." Gn. 54, p. 425.

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