|Anemone subsp. var.||Anemone|
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Anemone (Greek, wind). Ranunculaceae. Anemone, or Anemony. Windflower. Hardy and attractive flower - garden and border plants. Stems usually erect, with great variation in height: basal Lvs. lobed, divided or dissected, those of the st. forming an involucre near to, or remote from, the fl.: sepals few or many, petal-like; no true petals; stamens many, shorter than sepals: carpels numerous: fr. a 1-seeoed achene.—A genus of about 85 species, with many handsome garden forms; all hardy perennials; cult, for their beautiful show of fls. and in a few cases for their striking foliage. Chiefly native of the north temperate and mountainous regions. As a technical generic name, pronounced anemone; as a vernacular, anémone. Pritzel, Revision of Anemone, in Linnaea 15:498 (1841). Britton, N. Amer. Anémone, in Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 6:217 (1891-92).
The plants thrive best in a fresh, rather rich, sandy loam, well drained; but most of the species will do well in any good garden soil. The tuberous-rooted species are suitable for hardy borders, while most of the others prefer a place in a rockery, and some are partial to shady places. A. hortensis, A. coronaria, A. fulgens and others will well repay the little indoor or greenhouse care they require for producing winter blossoms. They require essentially the same handling as tulips and hyacinths, and are usually classed with bulbous plants. Tubers placed in pots in September or October bring forth a beautiful show of bloom by January or March. For this purpose they should be well drained; and not kept very wet or too warm before the growth is well started; they prefer more moisture at flowering time. There are many garden varieties of anemone, among which are Whirlwind and Géante Blanche (white); Queen Charlotte, Lorely, and Kriemhilde (pink); Rosa Zwey (lavender-pink); Brilliant Diadème, Purpurine and Prinz Heinrich (carmine and magenta).
Nearly all the species can be readily propagated by both root-division and seed. The seeds are sown very shallow in a clean bed, in either warm fall or early spring. The division of roots is best made in early spring before growth starts. The season for both outdoor and indoor planting will directly influence the flowering season. Good months for outdoor planting are September, October, November, December, February and March. As a rule, the tuberous anemones will blossom at any time desired, being influenced by the time they are kept out of the ground. The bulbs may be ripened after flowering time by being taken from the ground to dry, or by covering the bed to keep out rains. A. japónica is one of the finest of all fall- blooming herbs.
A. aculoba-Hepatica acutiloba.— A. alba, Juss. Allied to A. sylvestris. if not the same.—A. Bungeana, Prits. Similar in habit to A. Pulsatilla. Fls. golden yellow. Siberia.—A. cèrnua, Thunb. Lvs. deeply cut, divided: fls. nodding, color of dragon's-blood. Japan.—A. cylindrica, Gray. A tall native species, used for beauty of foliage and fr.—A. decapetala. Ard. (A. trilobata, Juss. A. heterophylla, Nutt.). Native and reported as having been cultivated in southern states.— A. elongata, D. Don. Similar in habit and foliage to A. sylvestris but not so beautiful: fls. dull greenish white. Himalaya.—A. Fanninii, Haw. Fls. pure white, 2-3 in. across: 5 feet high: Lvs. 1 ft. across.—A. hupehensis, Hort. Allied to A. japonica. Fls. produced very early. Cent. China.—A. magellanica, Hort. Fls. yellow: pretty but not showy. Straits of Magellan.—-A. parviflora, Michx. Pretty white fls. Native of northern states and Canada.— A. polyanthus, Don. Allied to A. narcissiflora.—A. pratensis. Linn. Allied to A. Pulsatilla.—A. pratensis var. obsoleta, Sims. Fls. pale: Ifts. terminated with a sort of bristle.—A. rivularis, Bush-Ham. Is a distinct species similar to A. narcissiflora.—A. sphenophylla, Poepp. Fls. blue. S.W. U. S.— A. thalictrioides. See Syndesmon.—A. trifolia, Linn. Lvs. beautifully regular: fls. white, 1 in. across. Two blue varieties.—A. triloba-Hepatica triloba.—.A. vítifólía, Ham. Allied to A. japónica. Has cordate 5-7-parted Lvs.
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Pests and diseases
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There are approximately 150 specieswp, including:
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963