|Begonia subsp. var.|
Because of their sometimes showy flowers of white, pink, scarlet or yellow color and often attractively marked leaves, many species and innumerable hybrids and cultivars are cultivated. The genus is unusual in that species throughout the genus, even those coming from different continents, can frequently be hybridized with each other, and this has led to an enormous number of cultivars. The American Begonia Society classifies begonias into several major groups: cane-like, shrub-like, tuberous, rhizomatous, semperflorens, rex, trailing-scandent, or thick-stemmed. For the most part these groups do not correspond to any formal taxonomic groupings or phylogeny and many species and hybrids have characteristics of more than one group, or fit well into none of them.
With over 1,500 species, Begonia is one of the ten largest angiosperm genera. The species are terrestrial (sometimes epiphytic) herbs or undershrubs and occur in subtropical and tropical moist climates, in South and Central America, Africa and southern Asia. Terrestrial species in the wild are commonly upright-stemmed, rhizomatous, or tuberous. The plants are monoecious, with unisexual male and female flowers occurring separately on the same plant, the male containing numerous stamens, the female having a large inferior ovary and two to four branched or twisted stigmas. In most species the fruit is a winged capsule containing numerous minute seeds, although baccate fruits are also known. The leaves, which are often large and variously marked or variegated, are usually asymmetric (unequal-sided).
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Most are easily propagated from either leaf, stem or rhizome cuttings. You can also grow them from the tiny, dust-like seed.
Pests and diseases
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Below is a breakout of begonia varieties by growth habit and care needssn.
B. grandis (B. evansiana, B. grandis evansiana) is the one species in this group, which is much hardier to cold. Sunset zones 3-33. Tuber. 2-3 ft high. sn
Stems are tall and woody, with bamboo-like joints. Includes "angel-wing" begonias. Some reach over 5ft.sn
More often sold as Rieger begonias. Plants are compact and bushy. Blooms profusely. Great indoors or out. Average flower size is 2in.sn
Bushy plants are 1-1.5 feet and compact. Care is same as for tuberous begonias.sn
Leaves are multicolored with bold patterns. Prefer high humidity. Have rhizomes, but are treated separately than rhizomatous begonias. sn
Mostly grown for foliage, but produce attractive flowers. Group includes "star begonias", named for the shape of their leaves. Good house plants. Enjoy window light, only need water when top inch of soil dries out. Grow in wide, shallow pots. Blooms winter through summer. Flowers are white or pink.sn
- B. masoniana - Iron Cross Begonia.
Bedding begonias, also known as fibrous begonias. Small plants reach 6-12 inches. Many small flowers. Blooms spring through fall. Foliage green, bronze or red, and may be variegated. Grown in sun in cool climates, shade in very hot climates. Dark leaved varieties can grow in the sun even in hot sunny areas when well watered.sn
Multiple soft green stems. Both foliage and flowers are attractive. Very interesting leaves may be textured, hairy or feltlike. May be bushy or more trailing. May bloom any time. Red, white, peach or pink flowers. May reach 8 feet. Require ample water.sn
Trailing or climbing begonias
Depedning on your training, these begonias will trail or climb. Great for hanging baskets. Good in ground where protected. Care is the same as for tuberous begonias. Blooms sporadically when temperatures are warm.sn
Florists begonias. Very large bloomed hybrids, grow from tubers. Flowers may reach saucer-size. Some grow upright, others droop and do better in hanging baskets. With few exceptions they bloom in summer and fall. Flowers come in red, orange, yellow, pink, white and some pastels. Prefer filtered shade and moderate humidity. Mist in dry climates. Susceptible to powdery mildew. Leaves will yellow and wilt in fall. When stems fall off on their own, take out tubers, shake off dirt gently, dry under sun for a few days and sore in a cool dry place until spring planting time when small pink buds become visible. Small seedlings and tubers are found for sale in spring at nurseries. Plants are sold as either hanging or upright.sn
Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Begonia (named after Michel Begon, superintendent at St. Domingo, 1638-1710, a French promoter of botany). Begoniaceae. Begonia. Elephant's Ear. Beefsteak Geranium. A various group, ranging from hothouse to conservatory and window-garden subjects, many of them grown primarily for foliage, others for the showy bloom; treated mostly as single pot-specimens, but some kinds used for bedding.
More or less sappy or succulent herbs or undershrubs, having the st. in some cases reduced to a thick rhizome, in others to a distinct small tuber, while a few others possess a semi-tuber in which there are a number of closely set scales or suppressed Lvs.. resembling bulbs: Lvs. variable, alternate, more or less unequal-sided, entire, or lobed, or toothed, ovate-acuminate, orbicular or peltate: fls. monoecious (bisexual variations are known: Dummer; Annals Bot. xxvi. 1123), asymmetrical, usually in axillary cymes, the males usually with 4 parts, of which 2 arc mostly small, the females with 5 (rarely 2), pink, white, rose, scarlet, yellow, and all shades of these, being represented; stamens numerous: filaments free or united at the base; styles 2 or 4, free, sometimes connate; stigmas branched or twisted like a corkscrew; ovary inferior: fr. usually a 1— 3-winged caps., which is often colored; seed numerous, very minute.—The genus Begonia, with 400-500 species in warm countries around the globe, gives the name and definition to the Begoniaceae. Only three other genera are recognized: Hillebrandia, with 1 species in Hawaii; Symbegonia, 1 little-known species in New Guinea; Begoniella, 3 species in Colombia. The begonias are exceedingly variable, the genus running into about 60 well-marked sections, but the intergradations are so many and the essential floral characters so constant that it is impracticable to break up the great group into separate genera.
The begonia is one of the great groups of cultivated ornamental plants. Very many species have been introduced, and there are numberless hybrids and variations. The most popular single begonia is now probably the wonderfully floriferous Gloire de Lorraine (Fig. 505). The foliage begonias are of many original kinds, and the numerous hybrids and variations have given great choice to the cultivator. B. Rex is the chief basis of the foliage races. Many cultivators are unaware of the possibilities of the Rex derivatives, because they grow them in pots (for commerce) on benches, whereas the singular and characteristic results are secured by growing them in the earth against greenhouse walk or in rock pockets below the benches (Plate XIV).
Because of the great numbers of interesting forms, begonias have appealed strongly to collectors and fanciers. In recent years, however, the collections have been passing out in the large private places; and most dealers now carry only a few standard kinds (mostly modified cultivated forms), in addition to the florists' bedding and garden sorts and a general mixed stock of tuberous kinds. The following botanical account, therefore, does not accurately represent the present state of the begonia trade. It is to be regretted that the fanciers' collections are not kept; and it is partly in the hope that the desire for collections will return that this rather full treatment is given of the main species and stem-groups now in cultivation.
The foliage begonias of the Rex type are subject to an insidious disorder, affecting the leaves and eventually the entire plant. The remedy seems to be to discard all suspected stock and to propagate from wholly healthy plants, or to' grow them out of it by planting them in a shaded airy greenhouse bench for a summer and potting again in fall.
The interest in begonias centers in their use as ornamental subjects. It is said that the stalks of some of the species arc used as the leaf-stalks of rhubarb are used. The rhizomes of many species, particularly those from South America, are bitter and astringent and are employed locally for certain fevers and for syphilis. Some species contain purgative principles. The sour sap of one of the Asiatic species is said to be used for the cleaning of weapons.
The first begonia was introduced into England in 1777, B. nitida. Since then, about 200 have proved of value to the horticulturist. Few other plants have been improved or varied so rapidly, there being thousands of variations now in cultivation, displaying the most gorgeous colors in their flowers and beautiful coloring in their leaves. The development of the modern race of hybrid tuberous begonias followed the introduction of B. Veitchii, B. rosaeflora, B. Davisii, B. boliviensis, B. Pearcei and others after 1860. The geographical distribution of begonias is very disjunctive and localized. They are indigenous to Mexico, Central and South America, Asia, and South Africa. They seem to have no genetic relationship with other plants now living. For literature, see Dryander. The Genus Begonia, Trans, of the Linn. Soc., Vol. I, 1791; Klotzsch, Begoniaceen-Gattungen und Arten, 12 plates, 1855 (Abh. Ak. Berlin); DeCandolle's Prodromus, 15, 1, 1864; and floras of regions in which begonias arc native.
General culture and propagation.
For horticultural purposes, the begonias may be arranged in four groups: The socotrana or semi-tuberous set; the tuberous-rooted; the foliage kinds, mostly rhizomatous; and the fibrous-rooted. The bedding begonias are mostly of the fibrous-rooted section, particularly in the isemperflorens group, although the improved tuberous kinds may be used for this purpose in special places.
(1) The semi- tuberous or bulbous group comprises such begonias as B. socotrana and Gloire de Sceaux. They require much care and should be grown in a soil with more leaf-mold than the fibrous-rooted, and a temperature of 65° to 70° in the daytime and 60° at night. Of Gloire de Sceaux and some others, plants two years old will be found best for decorative purposes. For special notes on B. socotrana, see the treatment of that species, page 473.
(2) The tuberous begonias are grown in pots, boxes or baskets, under glass, or as bedding plants in a shaded border. If the plants are intended for pot-culture in the greenhouse, it is best to use the tubers. For early flowering, start the tubers in February or March, either in small pots or shallow boxes. The soil may be composed of loam, sharp-sand and leaf-mold, and the temperature about 60 to 65 degrees. When the plants are ready for repotting, well-rooted manure may be added, and when the roots have taken a fresh hold a cooler temperature may be maintained. For bedding purposes, seedling plants, as well as tubers, may be used, providing they are of a first-class strain. Tubers are preferred if early-flowering plants are desired. For further cultural notes, see the discussion on page 471.
(3) The Rex begonias are grown entirely for the beauty of their foliage. They may be propagated by means of either shoot- or leaf-cuttings, the latter being the better when plants have to be raised in quantity. Large and well-matured, but still healthy and vigorous leaves may have the principal nerves cut on the underside. The leaf is then pegged or weighted down on the surface of a well-drained propagating bed. If carefully shaded, roots will be formed at every cut, a tiny leaf will follow (Fig. 501), and the little plants may be inserted singly in small pots. Another method is to cut the large leaves into triangular parts, with a bit of the main petiole at the tip of each, and insert the pieces about 1 inch, with the lower or thickest end of the rib downward (Figs. 502, 503). Still another method is to cut the leaf in two, across the veins, and stand it edgewise in the propagating bed. The young plants may be potted-up into small pots, using a light, porous, sifted soil. Keep shaded in a low house with a moist atmosphere. The soil may be gradually made coarser with each potting until in the final shift; an unsifted compost of two parts loam, one part leaf-mold, one part well- rotted manure, and one part sand, is used, adding a sprinkling of lime. While watering, avoid wetting the leaves as much as possible, and keep large, well-developed plants in a shaded house, with plenty of ventilation day and night during the summer.
(4) The fibrous-rooted begonias comprise such species as B. nitida, B. semperflorens var. gigantean, B.albo-picta, B. Haageana, and B. Ditchartrei. Of these, cuttings taken from clean, healthy stems in spring will strike readily in an ordinary propagating-box or bench, and if potted-on, as they require root-room, will make fine plants for late winter and spring flowering. As soon as one neglects good treatment, especially in regard to light, fresh air and fresh soil, the red spider, a physiological disease appearing like rust, and the dreaded nematodes, will soon attack them and give them a sickly and stunted appearance. They require a temperature of 55° to 60° at night and 65° to 70° in the daytime. The plants should be kept close to the glass in the early stages of growth, on account of the tendency of many of the varieties to send out rather long shoots. A good compost is three parts loam, one part well-rotted manure, and one part sand. While begonias in general are injured by too strong sunshine during summer, they are benefited by all the sunshine they can get during the winter and early spring months. Strong sunshine, however, pouring through imperfect glass upon wet foliage, is liable to blister the leaves of any begonia. Such species as B. Dregei and B. weltoniensis, which produce at their base a thickened, fleshy stem like a potato, may be propagated either by division or by cuttings. Many kinds of the fibrous-rooted and rhizomatous sections can be grown by amateurs, and make excellent house-plants, especially B. manicata, B. coccinea, B. speculata, B. argyrostigma var. picta, B. ricinifolia, B. heracleifolia, B. incarnata.
Begonia Gloire de Lorraine.
Begonia Gloire de Lorraine (Fig. 505) was raised by Lemoine by crossing B. Dregei and B. socotrana, and is one of the most useful and beautiful decorative plants introduced. If large specimen plants in 10- or 12-inch pans are desired, propagating should be begun about November or December of the year previous, as these plants are generally at their best about Christmas time. The best plants are obtained from leaf-cuttings. Select medium-sized, well-ripened leaves, cut off with a sharp knife, insert in a bed of sharp sand in a temperature of 70° and space them far enough apart, so that they do not touch one another. The propagating - bed should be at least 2 inches deep, but the stems should not be buried so deeply that the leaf lies on the top of the bed. These precautions prevent damping off. A further preventive against damping off is to dust powdered charcoal over the bed after the cuttings have been thoroughly watered. The leaf- cuttings of Gloire de Lorraine are far superior to shoots that start from the base of a cut-back plant, the leaf- cutting having greater vigor and breaking more shoots from the base of the plant. The leaf-cuttings w ill root in three weeks in the temperature recommended above, but they should be left in the sand until they begin to throw up shoots from the callus formed at the end of the leaf-stem, after which they should be immediately potted in 2-inch pots, in equal parts of fibrous loam and leaf-mold, with about a fourth part of charcoal. Never allow the plants to become pot-bound until they have attained the desired size, and for all future pottings use equal parts of the fiber of loam, half-decayed flaky leaves, well-rotted cow-manure or horse-droppings, and a fourth part of charcoal. Use this compost as rough as can be conveniently worked around the plant while potting. During the summer, they should be grown in a rather humid atmosphere near the glass, always lightly shaded from the sun until they begin to flower. Pinch the shoots two or three times during the season as this encourages breaks from the base of the plant. When well rooted in the final shift, watering with manure-water will be beneficial. When the plants begin to flower, they should be neatly staked with thin twigs, unless desired for hanging plants, when they may be allowed to droop around the pan. When in flower they should be in a light airy greenhouse with a temperature of 45° by night. These plants are subject to mealy-bug and may be fumigated at intervals of two weeks with hydrocyanic gas.
The tuberous-rooted begonias, which are every year becoming more popular, both as pot-plants, and for bedding out-of- doors, are the result of crossing several different species differing considerably in habit, and are easily cultivated. They are raised almost wholly from seed, and good strains in different colors may be obtained from any reputable seed firm. However, if one wishes to increase these plants by cuttings it can be done. Shallow boxes or seed-pans may be used in which to sow the seed about the beginning of February. They should be well drained and filled with a compost made up of equal parts of peat, leaf-mold and about a fourth of charcoal. As soon as the plants are large enough to handle, prick them out about 2 inches apart in the same soil as above, place them close to the glass, but always shaded from the bright sun, and in a moist atmosphere. When they have grown close together, transfer them to 3^-inch pots, the best soil to use from now on being a spent mushroom bed, adding about a fifth part of charcoal. A 6-inch pot is generally large enough for the first season, and when they are well established in these pots should be kept as cool as possible. A house facing north is the best place for them during the summer, and all the air possible may be admitted night and day. On no account allow these plants to suffer for lack of water until fall, when they will begin to show signs of ripening off. During their growing period, they may be stimulated by frequent applications of cow-manure water, and soot diluted in water, an ordinary handful to two and a half gallons of water; water three times with clean water, and alternately with the other two. When signs of ripening begin to show, gradually withhold water until the growths decay, and then place the pots on their sides under a bench in a greenhouse where the temperature keeps around 40°. Be sure they are in a position where water does not reach them. The tubers will be good for several years, but the best plants are in their second year. The plants may be started at intervals, having an earlier and a later lot. For bedding out in partial shade, these plants have no equals. Start the tubers in flats about the end of April, have the bed heavily manured and the soil level with the surface of the ground, as the roots run near the top of the ground, and consequently they have to be watered frequently. The top of the bed should be always moist, a mulching of well-rotted manure being of great assistance in retaining the moisture. Plant about a foot apart, all of one color, unless great care is exercised in blending the brilliant colors so that they do not clash.
B. amabilis, Hort. A large-fid, form of the Gloire de Lorraine class, the clear brilliant pink blossoms being nearly 1 H in. across (Rochford).—B. Balmisiana, Ruiz (B. populifolia, Kunth) Var. mitellifolia, Dav. Tuberous rootstock: st. simple, erect, purplish, pubescent: Lvs. reniform, obscurely lobed, irregularly serrate, whitish tomentose beneath: fls. pale rose, in a terminal raceme. Mex. R.H. 1911, p. 43.—B. Barkeri, Knowl. & Wesc. Fibrous- rooted : stiff, erect, sparsely branched: sts. somewhat woody, brown, densely hairy: Lvs. peltate, ovate, acute, lobed, serrate, 5-7 in. long, light green in color veins pale yellowish green; petioles long and fairly stout: infl. large and spreading, freely branched; fls. pink, produced in early spring. Mex.—A distinct and pretty begonia.—B. calabarica, Stapf. St. short and prostrate: Lvs. peltate, oblique, broadly cordate- ovate, 2-3 in. long, ciliate on margins: fls. red, small. Calabar. W. Trop. Afr.—B. crassicaulis, Hort. (Lindl.?). Lvs. large, nearly circular, coriaceous, clear green: fls. many in vertical clusters, small, rose-white, the bloom being more beautiful than that of B. manicata, which it resembles.—B. crispa, Krelage. Fls. large, on long, erect peduncles above the Lvs., the 5-8 perianth segms. crispate. Country unrecorded.—B. cristata, Hort. A form or race of tuberous begonias with a crested outgrowth in the center of the fl.: the race is fixed and comes more or less true from seed. —B. elatior, Hort. Veitch, is a cross between B. socotrana and a tuberous begonia.—B. Elsmeri, Hort. Of garden origin, probably hybrid: fls. stellate, large, flesh-colored, in winter. European.— B. Faureana, Garn. Lvs. palmately parted to the middle into 3 or 5 main divisions and these divisions again parted or notched, beautifully colored with silvery white on a green ground and with brown-green on the ribs. Brazil. Intro, to France in 1892; named for the former President of France. I.H. 42:34.—Some at least of the B. platanifolia of gardens is this species.—B. Forgetiana. Hemsl. Fibrous-rooted: nearly 2 ft., more or less branched: Lvs. fleshy, glossy green, 6-7 in. long and 2 in. broad: fls. pink and white, 1 in. across, in clusters. Brazil.—Named for L, Forget, collector for Messrs. Sander. Allied to B. undulata.—B. gemmata, Hort. (B. decoraxB. Rex var.). Lvs. angled, Rex-like, dotted with silver on a green ground: very attractive as a specimen plant. G. 22:123.—B. gigantea. Hort. Rootstock woody: st. 2-3 ft.. Lvs. caudate-acuminate, becoming 1 ft. long: fls. many, small, white or pale pink. It is probably a form of garden origin.—B. Gilsonii, Hort. Plant, 2 ft. high: st. shrubby, coarse: Lvs. large, lobed: fls. on long, erect peduncles, pale pink.—Interesting as being a double- fld. fibrous-rooted begonia. Named for Gilson, colored gardener to Mrs. Livingston, N. Y.—B. Heddei, Warb. Tall, branching: Lvs. triangular-ovate or broadly elliptic, acuminate, jagged and notched and usually lobed toward the base, green above and red beneath: fls. light rose, borne amongst the Lvs. German E. Afr.—B. Ideala, Hort. Veitch. Neat dwarf plant, B. socotrana X a tuberous begonia: 6 in.: fls. semi-double, 2 in. across, brilliant rose, long- lasting: winter. Gn. 61. p. 13. R.H. 1906, p. 131.—B. Kummeriae. Gilg. Fibrous-rooted: st. erect and free-branching, green suffused with red: lvs. ovate, 6 in. diam., shining, green veins and petiole red: infl. Short, few-fld.; fls. blush-white, tipped with rose; male, ¾ in. diam., female with bright yellow stigmas; ovary 3-celled bluntly triangular, swelling up to a large fleshy fr. some 2 in. long. Trop. Afr.—B. Kunthiana, Walp. St. erect: Lvs. lanceolate, acuminate, serrate, smooth, green above, red below: fls. white, large B M 5284. Brazil.—B. Lehmbachii. Warb. Allied to B. Heddei: herb, erect, 8-16 in., the sts. fleshy and red: Lvs. oblique, 4-5 in. long, irregularly 5-lobed, dentate, light green and somewhat hairy above, red-green beneath: fls. axillary, small, tinted and red-striate. German E. Afr. Gt. 49:1476.—B. Lindleyana, Hort.-B. incarnata. —B. lobulata, A. DC. Fibrous-rooted: erect, branching: sts. Light green; lvs. highly glabrous, pale green, ovate-acute, serrate, occasionally lobed, prominently veined, 6-8 in. long; petiole red: infl. Rather short, densely fld.; fls. small, white. Mex. –B. longicyma, Bellair, is a garden hybrid of B. Schmidtiana and B. semperflorens) of the fourth generation: much-branching, bushy: Lvs. like those of B. gracilis: female fls. few or none, terminal; males lateral; fls. rose- tinted. R.H. 1905, p. 582.—B. Martiana, Link & Otto. Tuberous: st. 1-1½ ft., with erect branches, glabrous, leafy: Lvs. oblique, cordate-ovate, acuminate, double toothed, 3-6 in. long: fls. solitary or clustered in axils, large, rose-pink, the males 4-merous and females 5-merous. Mex. Vars. grandiflora, pulcherrima and racemiflora are known to growers. B.M. 8322. All considered to be forms of B. gracilis (p. 474).—B. Patriae. Hort. A garden hybrid of B. socotrana and B. Pearcei: plant dense and free-flowering, 10-12 in.: fls. many, rather small, bright rose-pink: Lvs. similar to those of B. socotrana. (Lemoine.)—B. Poggei, Warb. Fibrous-rooted: erect or spreading: sts. terete, woody in lower part, dull brownish green: Lvs. only slightly oblique, elliptic, 4-6 in. long, dark green above, suffused with red beneath: infl. in short axillary clusters; fls. small, white veined with red, female with rather narrow petals; ovary distinct terete, not winged, bright red, 1-2 in. long: whole plant covered with rufous hairs. A remarkably distinct begonia, but of little horticultural value.—B. pruinata, A. DC. St. erect or spreading, seldom branched, covered with greenish white spots: Lvs. peltate, fleshy, on long terete petioles, spreading or erect; blades broadly ovate, lobed and undulate, dark green above, with prominent veins of a greenish yellow color, and dull grey beneath: infl. erect, large, branching freely; fls. pure white. Costa Rica. A fine winter- flowering species.—B. pyramidally, Lemoine. B. manicata X B. caroliniaefolia: Lvs. large, palmate, entire, thick, brilliant green: fis. large, in panicles, white-rose or rose-tinted.—B. Queen. A garden hybrid: fibrous-rooted: erect with brilliant-colored foliage: sts. green, terete: Lvs. ovate-acuminate, undulate, finely serrate, upper side a brilliant purple-red, the veins being green, under side bright red: fls. rosy red seldom produced. One of the finest and most ornamental of the fibrous-rooted begonias. It is somewhat difficult to grow into a large specimen and should be kept slightly drier at the roots than most plants of this section.—B. Reichenheimii, Hort. (B. rubella X B. heracleifolia). Lvs. all basal, large and long-petioled, parted to the middle: fls. on sts. upright above the Lvs. Gt. 52, p. 207.—B. Rochfordii, Hort., is a bright rosy carmine begonia of the Gloire de Lorraine type, with larger fls. and foliage. F.E. 31 (1911), p. 434.—B. Saulii, Hort., named for the late John Saul, was intro. from Guatemala: resembles B. Feastii in the shape and color of its lvs., but with a distinct red sinus at junction of petiole with If. Probably not now cult. under this name. — B. aceptrum, Hort. Erect, sparsely branched: sts. light brown colored with red on young growth: Lvs. large, broadly ovate, deeply lobed, margins serrate, pale green suffused with red and irregularly blotched with white, prominently veined on the underside; petioles bright red: infl. 10-20 in a cluster, pink or white. — B. stigmosa, Lindl. St. a short, creeping rhizome: Lvs. large, cordate- acute, irregularly toothed, smooth above, hairy beneath, green, with purple-brown blotches: fls. insignificant, white, in cymose panicles. Mex. — B. Stursii, Hort. A floriferous form of B. semperflorens, with rose-pink fls. in broad panicles, and Lvs. white- spotted. — B. subpeltata nigricans, Hort. (B. nigricans, Hort.). Plant 2-3 ft. high: Lvs. ovate, acuminate, blood-red below, silvery and slightly hairy above, 4-8 in. long, 2-4 in. across: fls. rose-pink, profuse: caps, wings equal, pink. Very useful for decoration. Var. Pres. de Boureuilles, Hort., has Lvs. of a much richer color, and more profusely studded with red hairs: fls. of a deeper pink. — B. Templinii, Hort. Sport from B. phyllomaniaca var. variegata: differs in having its regular blotches over the face of the Lvs. varying from true yellow to light sulfur-color, often with blending of shades of pink: 2½-3 ft.: Lvs. oblique, the margins ruffled and fringed. Originated with H. G. Wolfgang, of the Templin Co., Calla, Ohio, and put in the trade in 1905. F.E. 18:258. — Tree. A group of large- growing begonias produced by Mrs. Theodosia B. Shepherd, Calif. Some of them are described as a cross of Gloire de Jouy by Rubra, having the cane-like growth of Rubra (B. coccinea) , with its long- stemmed fls. but larger sepals and pistils; Lvs. illuminated with red, terra-cotta, pink and yellow. Other giants are seedlings of Pink Rubra, with stronger canes, larger Lvs., and more beautiful fls., the lvs. on young growth spotted with silver (Princess Alice, Rubra Bamboo, Striking Beauty, Hebe and others, are of this parentage). — B. unifolia, Rose. A singular begonia from Mex., recently described (Rep. Mo. Bot. Gard., 1904, p. 79, Fig. 28): tuberous- rooted: lf. 1, lying on the ground, sessile, nearly orbicular, double- toothed: fls. on slender scape to 2 ft. high, nearly white. Not in the trade. — Voss. has called the hybrids of the rhizomatous group B. rhizohybrida and of the fibrous-rooted upright caulescent group B. caulohybrida; these names represent such various and oft«u unlike forms that they will probably have little application in common practice, although useful for taxonomic purposes.
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963
- Sunset National Garden Book. Sunset Books, Inc., 1997. ISBN 0376038608
- w:Begonia. Some of the material on this page may be from Wikipedia, under the Creative Commons license.
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