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 Bergenia subsp. var.  Pigsqueak, elephant's ears, large rockfoil
Bergenia stracheyi
Habit: herbaceous
Height: to
Width: to
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Lifespan: perennial
Bloom: early spring, mid spring, late spring, late winter
Exposure: sun, part-sun, shade
Features: flowers, drought tolerant, ground cover
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: to
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: red, purple, pink, white
Saxifragaceae > Bergenia var. ,

Evergreen groundcover, long living and easy to propagate.

Bergenia (Template:IPAc-en)[1] is a genus of ten species of flowering plants in the family Saxifragaceae, native to central Asia, from Afghanistan to China and the Himalayan region. They are evergreen perennial plants with a spirally arranged rosette of leaves 6–35 cm long and 4–15 cm broad, and pink flowers produced in a cyme.

The leaves are leathery, look like a heart, and often have wavy or saw-toothed edges. For most of the year, the leaves have a glossy green colour, but in cooler climates, they turn red or bronze in the fall. The flowers grow on a stem similar in colour to a rhubarb stalk and most varieties have cone-shaped flowers in varying shades of pink. These can range from almost white to ruby red and purple.[2]

The common names for Bergenia are pigsqueak (due to the sound produced when two leaves are rubbed together), elephant's ears (due to the shape of the leaves) and large rockfoil.

Bergenia is closely related to Mukdenia, Oresitrophe Astilboides and Rodgersia.


Bergenia calendar?
February: flowering
March: flowering
April: flowering
May: flowering
October: divide
November: divide

Bergenia are hardy plants that can grow in climates with extreme temperature ranges from about -35 F C to 115 F C . They prefer sun but will grow in shady areas as well. Plants can grow to about 24 in cm tall and 24 in cm wide. They do well in most soils, but moist, humus-rich soil is preferable. Dry soils tend to stunt growth. Plants can be planted in the spring or fall. In areas with cold, strong winter winds, protection from the wind may be required.[2]


Seed in spring, division in spring or fall (every five years will rejuvenate plants).

Pests and diseases

Slugs and snails. Fungus may cause leaf spots. Bergenia are robust plants and generally free of problems, although vine weevil adults readily eat the edges of the leaves, resulting in an indented, 'notched' outline which can detract from the appearance of the plant.



  • Bergenia ciliata, including the cultivar Bergenia ciliata 'Superba'
  • Bergenia cordifolia is the most widely grown garden plant, especially the cultivar Bergenia cordifolia 'Purpurea.' The species epithet cordifolia means: heart-shaped leaf. The leaves are winter hardy and change color in the range of rust brown to brown-red. Other cultivars are Bergenia cordifolia 'Winterglut' and Bergenia cordifolia 'Senior.'
  • Bergenia crassifolia is about 12 inches tall. The leaves are spoon-shaped. One cultivar is Bergenia crassifolia 'Autumn Red.'
  • Bergenia emeiensis
  • Bergenia ligulata
  • Bergenia pacumbis
  • Bergenia purpurascens is 12-16 inches tall and has carmine-red flowers. The leaves are oval-shaped.
    • Bergenia purpurascens var. delavayi is ca. 20 inches tall with small leaves and rosy red flowers.
  • Bergenia scopulosa
  • Bergenia stracheyi with the cultivars Bergenia stracheyi 'Alba' and Bergenia stracheyi 'Afghanica'
  • Bergenia tianquanensis

Cultivars: Bergenia crassifolia, Bergenia cordifolia, and various hybrids are often grown in gardens, with several cultivars selected.

Available in the garden trade are:

  • Bergenia 'Abendglocken'
  • Bergenia 'Abendglut'
  • Bergenia 'Admiral'
  • Bergenia 'Bach'
Bergenia 'Bressingham White'
  • Bergenia 'Baby Doll'
  • Bergenia 'Ballawley'
  • Bergenia 'Beethoven'
  • Bergenia 'Biedermeier'
  • Bergenia 'Blickfang'
  • Bergenia 'Brahms'
  • Bergenia 'Bressingham Beauty'
  • Bergenia 'Bressingham Bountiful'
  • Bergenia 'Bressingham Ruby'
  • Bergenia 'Bressingham Salmon'
  • Bergenia 'Bressingham White'
  • Bergenia 'Britten'
  • Bergenia 'David'
  • Bergenia 'Doppelgänger'
  • Bergenia 'Eric Smith'
  • Bergenia 'Eroica'
  • Bergenia 'Glockenturm'
  • Bergenia 'Goldfisch'
  • Bergenia 'Herbstblüte'
  • Bergenia 'Illusion'
  • Bergenia 'Margery Fish'
  • Bergenia 'Morgenröte'
Close up of Bergenia Cordifolia Purpurea flowering spike, usually seen in Spring
  • Bergenia 'Oeschberg'
  • Bergenia 'Ouverture'
  • Bergenia 'Perfect'
  • Bergenia 'Pink Dragonfly'
  • Bergenia 'Pinneberg'
  • Bergenia 'Profusion'
  • Bergenia 'Purpurea'
  • Bergenia 'Purpurglocken'
  • Bergenia 'Purpurkönigin'
  • Bergenia 'Red Star'
  • Bergenia 'Rosa Zeiten'
  • Bergenia 'Rosette'
  • Bergenia 'Rosi Klose'
  • Bergenia 'Rotblum'
  • Bergenia 'Rote Schwester'
  • Bergenia 'Schneeglocke'
  • Bergenia 'Schneekönigin'
  • Bergenia 'Silberlicht'
  • Bergenia 'Summer Mountain'
  • Bergenia 'Sunningdale'
  • Bergenia 'Walter Kienli'
  • Bergenia 'Wintergold'
  • Bergenia 'Wintermärchen'
  • Bergenia 'Winterzauber'
  • Bergenia 'Yellow Medley'



External links

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