Black Alder

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 Alnus glutinosa subsp. var.  Black alder, Common alder
Habit: tree
Height: to
Width: to
60ft 35ft
Height: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 60 ft
Width: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 35 ft
Lifespan: perennial
Bloom: early spring, mid spring, late spring
Exposure: sun
Features: deciduous, flowers
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: 4 to 8
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: blue, purple
Betulaceae > Alnus glutinosa var. ,

For the Black Alder (Ilex verticillata), see American Winterberry.
Alnus glutinosa
 Black Alder, European Alder, Common Alder
Alnus glutinosa.jpg
Habit:  ?
Height:  ?
Origin:  ?
Exposure:  ?
Water:  ?
USDA Zones:  ?
Sunset Zones:
[[{{{domain}}}]] > [[{{{superregnum}}}]] > Plantae > [[{{{subregnum}}}]] > [[{{{superdivisio}}}]] > [[{{{superphylum}}}]] > Magnoliophyta > [[{{{phylum}}}]] > [[{{{subdivisio}}}]] > [[{{{subphylum}}}]] > [[{{{infraphylum}}}]] > [[{{{microphylum}}}]] > [[{{{nanophylum}}}]] > [[{{{superclassis}}}]] > Magnoliopsida > [[{{{subclassis}}}]] > [[{{{infraclassis}}}]] > [[{{{superordo}}}]] > Fagales > [[{{{subordo}}}]] > [[{{{infraordo}}}]] > [[{{{superfamilia}}}]] > Betulaceae > [[{{{subfamilia}}}]] > [[{{{supertribus}}}]] > [[{{{tribus}}}]] > [[{{{subtribus}}}]] > Alnus {{{subgenus}}} {{{sectio}}} {{{series}}} glutinosa {{{subspecies}}} var. {{{cultivar}}}

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Alnus glutinosa, Gaertn. (A. vulgaris, Hill. A. rotundifolia, Mill. A. communis, Desf.). Black Alder. Tree, to 70 ft.: lvs. orbicular or obovate, rounded or emarginate at the apex, 2-5 in. long, irregularly obtusely serrate, with 5-7 pairs of veins, nearly glabrous beneath, glutinous when unfolding: cones distinctly peduncled. Eu., N. Afr., Asia, naturalized in some localities in N. Amer. H.W. 2:12. H.T. 130. — A vigorously growing tree with dark green, dull foliage, valuable for planting in damp situations. Commonly planted in many forms: Var. aurea, Versch. Lvs. yellow. I.H. 13:490. Var. denticulate, Ledeb. (A. oblongata, Willd.). Lvs. usually cuneate, serrulate. S. Eu. Var. barbata, Gallier (A. barbata, C. A. Mey.). Lvs. ovate, acute, pubescent on the veins beneath. Caucasus. Var. imperialis, Desf. Lvs. deeply pinnately lobed with lanceolate or nearly linear lobes. Var. incisa, Willd. (var. oxyacanthifolia, Spach). Lvs. small, deeply incised, like those of Crataegus oxyacantha. Var. laciniata, Willd. Lvs. pinnately lobed; lobes oblong. Var. rubrinervia, Dipp. Lvs. large and shining, with red nerves and petioles: pyramidal tree of vigorous growth, very handsome. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


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There are four subspecies:

  • Alnus glutinosa subsp. glutinosa. Europe.
  • Alnus glutinosa subsp. barbata. Northern Anatolia (Rize,Trabzon, Artvin)
  • Alnus glutinosa subsp. antitaurica. Southern Anatolia, rare.
  • Alnus glutinosa subsp. betuloides. Eastern Anatolia.


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