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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Vetiveria (Vetiver, the Tamil vernacular name). Gramineae. Aromatic perennials with long panicles of numerous slender racemes: spikelets awnless, in pairs, one sessile and perfect, the other pedicelled and staminate, the sessile spikelet bearing minute spines. — Species 1, with 1 or 2 varieties. V. zizanioides, Nash (Andropogon squarrosus, of authors, not Linn. A. muricatus, Retz. V. arundinacea, Griseb.). Fig. 3917. E. Indies, escaped from cult. in the American tropics and in the S. U. S. The rhizome is very aromatic. This is the Khas Khas or Khus Khus grass of India, the vitivert used in perfumery and the Radix Anatheri or R. Vetiveriae of the apothecaries. It has been used in medicines and perfumes from prehistoric times. In India the plant is used to make screens, called "Vessaries," which, when kept wet and placed in a current of air, cools and perfumes the atmosphere. The rhizome when laid away among them is said to keep clothing free from moths. For history of this grass, see Kew Bull. Misc. Inform. No. 8, 1906.

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