Filipendula ulmaria

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 Filipendula ulmaria subsp. var.  Queen of the meadows, Meadowsweet
Habit: herbaceous
Height: to
Width: to
24in48in 12in18in
Height: 24 in to 48 in
Width: 12 in to 18 in
Lifespan: perennial
Bloom: early summer, mid summer, late summer
Exposure: part-sun
Features: flowers
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: 3 to 9
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: white
Rosaceae > Filipendula ulmaria var. ,

Filipendula ulmaria, commonly known as Meadowsweet, is a perennial herb in the family Rosaceae, which grows in damp meadows. It is native throughout most of Europe and western Asia though it has been introduced and naturalized in North America. Juncus subnodulosus-Cirsium palustre fen-meadow plant associations of Western Europe consistently include this plant.[1]

Meadowsweet has also been referred to as Queen of the Meadow, Pride of the Meadow, Meadow-Wort, Meadow Queen, Lady of the Meadow, Dollof, Meadsweet and Bridewort.

The stems are 1–2 m (3-7 ft) tall, erect and furrowed, reddish to sometimes purple. The leaves are dark green on the upper side and whitish and downy underneath, much divided, interruptedly pinnate, having a few large serrate leaflets and small intermediate ones. Terminal leaflets are large, 4–8 cm long and three to five-lobed.

Meadowsweet has delicate, graceful, creamy-white flowers clustered close together in handsome irregularly-branched cymes, having a very strong, sweet smell. They flower from June to early September.

Meadowsweet leaves are commonly galled by the bright orange rust fungus Triphragmium ulmariae which creates swellings and distortions on the stalk and / or midrib.

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Ulmaria, Maxim. (Spiraea ulmaria, Linn. Ulmaria pentapetala, Gilib. U. palustris, Moench). Queen of the Meadows. Height 2-6 ft.: lvs. glabrous or puberulous above, whitish tomentose beneath; terminal lfts. 3-5-lobed, 2—4 in. long, lateral lfts. smaller, ovate, coarsely doubly serrate: fls. white, in rather dense paniculate cymes: achenes about 10, semi-cordate, almost glabrous, twisted. June-Aug. Eu., W. Asia to Mongolia; naturalized in some places in the eastern states. B.B. (ed. 2) 2:249. Var. denudata, Maxim. (F. denudata, Rydb.). Lvs. green beneath and nearly glabrous. Var. aureo-variegata, Voss, has the lvs. variegated with yellow. Var. plena, Voss (var. flore-pleno, Hort.). Fls. double. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


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