Fraxinus nigra

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 Fraxinus nigra subsp. var.  Black ash, Swamp ash
Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg
Habit: tree
Height: to
Width: to
50ft 25ft
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Lifespan: perennial
Exposure: sun
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USDA Zones: 7 to 10
Sunset Zones:
Flower features:
Oleaceae > Fraxinus nigra var. , Marshall

Fraxinus nigra (Black Ash) is a species of Fraxinus (ash) native to much of eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, from western Newfoundland west to southeastern Manitoba, and south to Illinois and northern Virginia.[1]

It is a medium-sized deciduous tree reaching 15–20 m (exceptionally 26 m) tall with a trunk up to 60 cm (exceptionally 160 cm) diameter. The bark is grey, thick and corky even on young trees, becoming scaly and fissured with age. The winter buds are dark brown to blackish, with a velvety texture. The leaves are opposite, pinnate, with 7–13 (most often 9) leaflets; each leaf is 20–45 cm long, the leaflets 7–16 cm long and 2.5–5 cm broad, with a finely toothed margin. The leaflets are sessile, directly attached to the rachis without a petiolule. The flowers are produced in spring shortly before the new leaves, in loose panicles; they are inconspicuous with no petals, and are wind-pollinated. The fruit is a samara 2.5–4.5 cm long comprising a single seed 2 cm long with an elongated apical wing 1.5–2 cm long and 6–8 mm broad.[2][3][4]

It commonly occurs in swamps, often with the closely related Green Ash. The fall foliage is yellow. Black Ash is one of the first trees to lose its leaves in the fall.

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Fraxinus nigra, Marsh. (F. sambucifolia, Lam.). Black Ash. Tree, to 80 ft.: lfts. 9-11, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, rounded at the base, acuminate, sharply serrate, green on both sides, dark above, 3-6 in. long: anthers broadly oblong: fr. narrow-oblong, with dccurrent wing. From Canada to Va., west to Mo. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


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