|Glaucium subsp. var.||Horned poppy, Sea poppy|
Glaucium (Horned Poppy) is a genus of about 25 species of annual, biennial or perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the family Papaveraceae, native to Europe, north Africa, and southwest and central Asia. The species commonly occur in saline habitats, including coasts and salt pans.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Glaucium(name refers to glaucous foliage). Papaveraceae. Horned Poppy. Annual, biennial or occasionally perennial herbs, a few of which are grown for their large poppy-like flowers and glaucous-blue foliage.
Sepals 2; petals 4; stamens many; ovary with 2 (rarely 3) cells, the stigmas miter-shaped, the fr. becoming a long silique-like caps.: lvs. alternate, lobed or dissected.—A dozen or more species of S. Eu. and W. Asia.
Glauciums are low, branchy herbs, often somewhat succulent, with large flowers, mostly yellow or orange, but varying to red and purple. The flowers are usually short-lived, but they are borne in rapid succession. They are well adapted for foliage effects in borders or edgings. Of easy culture in any good soil. They prefer an open, sunny situation. Mostly propagated by seed, but the perennial kinds by division; however, the perennials are short-lived, and usually had best be treated as biennials; they should be grown from seed. Hybrids are announced by Burbank. CH
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List of species:
- Glaucium afghanicum
- Glaucium arabicum
- Glaucium bracteatum
- Glaucium calycinum
- Glaucium caricum
- Glaucium corniculatum, Horned poppy (Sea poppy, Yellow horned poppy), native of Western Europe.
- Glaucium cuneatum
- Glaucium fischeri
- Glaucium flavum, Yellow horned poppy, native of Western Europe.
- Glaucium grandiflora, Horned poppy, native of western Mediterranean.
- Glaucium judaicum
- Glaucium leptopodum
- Glaucium luteum
- Glaucium persicum
- Glaucium phoenicum
- Glaucium pulchrum
- Glaucium refractum
- Glaucium squamigerum
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963